Quote1 The most versatile metal in the world, and they used it to make a frisbee. Quote2
-- Ultron src



Vibranium is a rare, naturally occurring meteoric ore with energy-manipulating qualities. It had long been hypothesized to be alien in origin by many a scientist who had ample chance to study it. Captain Marvel inadvertently proved said theory to be true during a scuffle between survivors of the Builders attack and the Spartax empire who relocated them, where the latter had been poisoning the planet and its nomadic inhabitants through the improper mining of said metal to rebuild their fleets.[3]


Wakanda 0003

Map and flag of Wakanda

Wakandan Vibranium

Mena Ngai from Black Panther Vol 1 7

Wakandan Vibranium is found almost exclusively in the tiny African nation of Wakanda.[4]

In the distant past, a massive meteorite comprised of the sound-absorbing mineral vibranium crashed in Wakanda, and was unearthed a generation before the events of the present-day. One of the tribes, lead by Bashenga, it's mightiest warrior, decided to investigate, believing this to be a gift from the gods. When they reached the crater they found that the material vibrated and decided it would be useful to forge into weapons. However the radiation the meteorite gave off also had a side effect, turning some of the tribesman into "Demon Spirits". Bashenga prayed to the Panther God to give him the strength to defeat these demons becoming the first "Black Panther" and united the tribes to form the nation of Wakanda. His lineage would later rule the country for centuries.[5]

Vibranium radiation has permeated much of Wakanda's flora and fauna, including the Heart-Shaped Herb eaten by members of the Black Panther Cult, and the flesh of the White Apes's eaten by the members of the White Gorilla Cult.[5]

Wakandan Vibranium absorbs vibratory or kinetic energy in its vicinity within itself. The apparent observable vibratory rate of the molecules of the Vibranium itself does not noticeably increase when the Vibranium absorbs mechanical energy. The outside vibratory energy is stored within the bonds between the molecules making up the Vibranium. As a result, a chunk of Vibranium which had absorbed a considerable amount of vibratory energy would be exceedingly hard to demolish. If enough force were applied to this chunk to smash it, the Vibranium would explode, releasing much of the absorbed energy. There are limits to the capacity of Vibranium to absorb vibratory energy, although the exact extent of these limits has not been determined.[6]

For example, in recent years the oil conglomerate Roxxon discovered that a certain small island in the South Atlantic had a foundation composed of Wakandan Vibranium. Roxxon found it necessary to destroy the island and blew it up with bombs. Unable to absorb the force of the explosion, the Vibranium was destroyed, but it did succeed in entirely absorbing the sound made by the explosion, which prevented damage to the surrounding area.[7]

It is only in recent years that the outside world has learned of the existence of Wakandan Vibranium, although its existence has been rumored for decades. In the early 1940's a small amount of Wakandan Vibranium came into the possession of the young, brilliant scientist Dr. Myron MacLain. Dr. MacLain began to develop super-strong metals for the US Government at the beginning of World War II. While experimenting on iron alloys for use as tank armor, he accidentally created the ultra-resilient Vibranium-iron alloy shield used by Captain America. Although he was never able to duplicate the alloy, after several decades of continued experiments, MacLain finally produced the formula for True Adamantium for the US Government.[8]

Sometime later the renegade scientist Ulysses Klaw, who believed the rumors of Vibranium to be true, found the great "sacred mound" of Vibranium in Wakanda. The king of Wakanda had guarded the mound for generations as a sacred trust. Klaw failed in his attempt to steal Vibranium from the mound but killed the king T'Chaka. T'Chaka's son, T'Challa, became the new king of the Wakandans and adopted the sacred guise of the Black Panther. T'Challa strove to end Wakanda's isolation from the rest of the world. He made the existence of Vibranium known to the greater world and sold small quantities of it to foreigners whom he believed would not turn it to harmful ends. T'Challa used the profits to enrich and modernize his nation.[4][9]

Vibranium can amplify mystical energies. It is unstable when used this way and it taps into an energy flow on the quantum level that is virtually infinite. If someone was able to master the secret of using magically charged vibranium they would become immensely powerful.[10]

Vibranium is sold at $10,000 per gram, and Wakanda's sacred mound is estimated to have about 10,000 tons of the material.[11].


Antarctic Vibranium has thus far been found in nature only in the isolated region of Antarctica known as the Savage Land. It is also known as Anti-Metal due to its opposite effects to Wakandan Vibranium. Antarctic Vibranium, through a means that is not understood, emanates vibrations which cause the atomic and molecular bonds in nearby metals of other kinds to weaken, which results in the liquefaction of nearby solid metals.[12]

A fraction of the sacred mound of Wakandan Vibranium was converted to Antarctic Vibranium by particle bombardment, although it is not known what the Wakandans did with the artificially created Antarctic Vibranium.[citation needed]


Reverbium is an artificial variant to Vibranium that was created by Sajani Jaffrey after most of the world's Vibranium was rendered inert. This variant is imperfect, so rather than absorbing vibrations, it does the opposite, and blows everything away, making it a powerful weapon even in small amounts.[13] All of the existing reverbium has been seemingly destroyed to avoid its use as a dangerous weapon, after the Hobgoblin stole some of it for the Kingpin. It was revealed later that Sajani had kept some bits of said faux material for further study at Horizon Labs until its abrupt destruction and dissolution.[14] It is later revealed that some A.I.M scientists were working on recreating more of the substance for their own purposes under the influence of Klaw when he returned.[15]

Captain America's Shield 001

Captain America's Shield

Known Uses

Alternate Realities

Marvel Cinematic Universe (Earth-199999)

Ultimate Avengers: The Movie (Earth-3488)

On Earth-3488, Vibranium is a metal used by the alien race called the Chitauri. A portion of it was recovered by S.H.I.E.L.D. after an attempted nuclear attack on Washington, D.C.. From what their researchers could determine, it absorbed energy like a sponge and could take multiple hits. The only means to pierce the metal were weapons composed of Vibranium. S.H.I.E.L.D. had enough Vibranium to create the shield later used by Captain America. S.H.I.E.L.D. constructed a satellite that could detect Vibranium, but it was destroyed by the Chitauri soon after deployment.[34]

Ultimate Avengers 2: Rise of the Panther (Earth-60808)

On Earth-60808, large amounts of Vibranium were found in Wakanda. Dr. Bruce Banner discovered that during a previous Chitauri attack, the Hulk had been able to smash through the Vibranium plated Chitauri ships without any effort. Because of this, he discovered that Vibranium turns brittle when exposed to gamma radiation.[35]


  • Vibranium is not as hard or dense as Adamantium, but it is still very durable.[27]


  • The Inhumans have their own word for Vibranium.[36]
  • In the novelization of Iron Man 2, the New Element created by Tony Stark to replace Palladium in the arc reactor is called Vibranium. This information would later be invalidated by Captain America: The First Avenger, where Vibranium is shown as a rare metal already existing in the 1940s.
  • Captain America's Vibranium shield was once imperfectly reassembled on a molecular level - a molecular imperfection that led to the development of a unique form of elemental cancer. This "Vibranium Cancer", so named by Tony Stark, thus led to the shattering of Captain America's shield. His shield's atomic composition would be "healed" and restored via a sonic blast from Ulysses Klaw. [37]

See Also

Links and References


  1. Tales to Astonish #97
  2. Fantastic Force #15
  3. Captain Marvel Vol 8 #5
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fantastic Four #53
  5. 5.0 5.1 Black Panther #7
  6. Defenders #86
  7. Iron Man #120-121
  8. Captain America #302-303
  9. 9.0 9.1 Black Panther Vol 3 #1
  10. Doomwar Vol 1
  11. Doomwar #1
  12. Avengers Vol 3 #13
  13. Amazing Spider-Man #648
  14. Superior Spider-Man #19
  15. Black Panther #166-167
  16. Captain America #303
  17. Avengers: The Ultron Imperative #1
  18. War Machine Vol 2 #9
  19. Uncanny X-Men #475
  20. New X-Men Vol 2 #42
  21. X-Men Divided We Stand #1
  22. Weapon X The Draft #Agent Zero
  23. Moon Knight Vol 6 #4
  24. Daughters of the Dragon #1-6
  25. Marvel Boy Vol 2 #4
  26. Black Panther Vol 4 #1
  27. 27.0 27.1 Gambit Vol 3 #17
  28. Gambit Vol 3 #11
  29. Weapon X Vol 3 #1
  30. New X-Men Vol 2 #27
  31. 31.0 31.1 Black Panther #166
  32. Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Season 1 8
  33. Avengers: Age of Ultron
  34. Ultimate Avengers: The Movie
  35. Ultimate Avengers 2 (film)
  36. Earth X #3
  37. Captain America Vol 3 #21