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Titans (Olympians)

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The Titans are the children and progeny of the ancient primeval sky-god Ouranos and his wife Gaea the primeval Earth-goddess. Ouranos was very proud of the Titans for their physical perfection, but Gaea had other children known as the Cyclopes, who had one eye in the center of their heads, and the hundred-armed Hekatonkheires. Ouranos hated his other children and exiled them into the other-dimensional world of Tartarus. Gaea greatly grieved for her children and called upon one of her sons to depose Ouranos and free their siblings from the underworld. None of her sons would raise a weapon against Ouranos except for Cronus, the youngest of the Titans, who used a sickle to castrate Ouranos and dismember his corpse. The dying Ouranos prophesized that Cronus would be overthrown by one of his own sons.

Cronus seized Olympus and ruled over Ancient Greece, but he neglected to free the Cyclopes or the Hekatonkheires. His wife, Rhea, was guided by Gaea to conceal the birth of her youngest son, Zeus, feeding Cronus a boulder in place of the infant. Upon adulthood, Zeus freed the Cyclopes and the Hekatonkheires as allies to conquer Olympus. Zeus was supported by a few of the Titans and by his freed siblings, supposedly swallowed by Cronus in order to prevent the prophecy of Ouranos. The Titans were defeated and imprisoned in Tartarus watched over by Zeus' brother, the god Hades, who reserved part of the underworld as a realm of the dead.

In later years, the Titan Prometheus recalled on his pact of honor to Hercules. In ancient times, Prometheus had taken fire from the heavens to grant it to mortal man and Zeus had ordered him chained to the Caucasus Mountains on Earth as punishment. Hercules had freed him from his bindings, and when he was in a delirium after attacks by his enemies, Prometheus sacrificed part of his life-force to cure him.


Powers and Abilities

Powers

  • Superhuman Strength: Titans possess vast levels of superhuman strength and can lift over 100 tons effortlessly without using their other abilities to amp their strength.
  • Superhuman Stamina: Titans highly advanced musculature produces almost no fatigue toxins, granting them almost limitless physical stamina in all activities.
  • Superhuman Durability: Titan's is highly resistant to physical injury. They are capable of withstanding high caliber bullets, falls from great heights, powerful energy blasts, and extreme temperatures and pressures without sustaining injury. They are also capable of surviving, unprotected, in the vacuum of space for a brief period of time. Their resistance to injury surpasses that of many other Olympian gods.
  • Immortality: Titans are immortal beings, and can live indefinitely. They cannot die a natural death and are immune to diseases and ailments. But they can be killed by powerful forces or conditions.
  • Regenerative Healing Factor: Despite there great resilience, it is possible to injure a Titan. They are are capable of recovering from injuries with superhuman speed and efficiency. However, they are is unable to regenerate missing limbs or organs and would require magical assistance to do so. Titans are also immune to all known Earthly diseases and infections. They are also highly resistant to most drugs and toxins but can be affected if exposed to great quantities.

Abilities

Variable

Average Strength level

Unknown.

Weaknesses

None known.

Habitat

Habitat: Earth-like
Gravity: Earth-like
Atmosphere: Earth-like

Miscellaneous

Type of Government: Monarchy
Level of Technology: Magic
Cultural Traits: The Titans were worshipped as gods by the Ancient Greeks.
Representatives: Asteria, Astraeus, Atlas, Coeus, Cronus, Dione, Hyperion, Japetus, , Epimetheus, Hecate, Leto, Menoetius, Mnemosyne, Oceanus, Ophion, Pallas, Perses, Phoebe, Rhea, Tethys, Prometheus, Themis, Thia, Typhon,[1] et al.

Notes

  • No special notes.


Trivia

  • The Titans in Greco-Roman mythology represent an older generation of gods and goddesses, possibly an older pre-Olympian Pantheon. They are featured in myths and genealogies as parents, lovers, or ancestors of various gods and mortal heroes. Their names often have particular meanings in the Greek language, connecting them to a specific domain or function of the natural realm. The following is a brief summary of their names and connections, more can be found in the external links:
    • Koios/Coeus. A few Roman sources call him Polos/Polus, though this alias is obscure. Male Titan, mate of the female Titan Phoebe. His name apparently means "query, questioning", which has led modern writers to connect him with the inquisitive mind, intellectual pursuits, or possibly the questions associated with divination. He is mostly remembered as the father of the female Titan or goddess Leto/Latona, and as the maternal grandfather (through her) of Apollo and Artemis.
    • Kreios/Krios/Crius. Male Titan, mate of the minor sea goddess Eurybia. His name is possibly connected to the Greek term "krios" (the ram), used for male sheep or goats. Some modern writers have suggested he had animal features, possibly as a god with horns or other ram-like qualities. Others have suggested a connection with the constellation "Aries" (the Ram), which is called "Krios" in the Greek language. In Greco-Roman mythology Crius is the father of at least three sons: Astraios/Astraeus, Pallas, and Perses.
      • Astraios/Astraeus' name means the "starry one", etymologically connected to the term "astro"/"astron" (celestial body, star). He was apparently connected to dusk, the starry sky, stars and planets, and possibly astrology. He was the mate of the female Titan or goddess Eos (the Dawn), which the Romans called "Aurora". He is variously called the father of the Wind gods (Boreas, Notus, Eurus, and Zephyrus), and various stars and planets of the night sky. His most notable "son" was probably Heosphoros/Eosphoros/Eosphorus (name means "dawn-bringer" or "bringer of dawn"), the god of the Morning Star (actually the planet Venus). Eosphorus was called "Lucifer" in Latin, and his name came to be associated with the Christian Satan, who is also connected to the Morning Star. The only known daughter of Astraios was called Astraia/Astraea, a feminine form of his name. She was a female Titan or goddess associated with innocence and justice. She is a relatively minor figure in mythology and she is given different sets of parents in the few sources which do mention her.
      • Pallas was apparently a war deity and his name is etymologically connected to the verb "pallein" (pallein), and the phrase "brandishing the spear" for spearmen or warriors. He was the mate of the river goddess and underworld goddess Styx, personification of the River Styx. Their children were the minor deities Bia(literally "Violence", but also connected to force, power, might, bodily strength, and compulsion), Kratos/Cratus (literally "state", but also connected to strength, might, power and sovereign rule), Nike/Nice (literally "Victory", a personification of victory as a goddess), and Zelos/Zelus, (literally "Zeal", but also connected to dedication, emulation, eager rivalry, envy, and jealousy). A few late Roman sources attribute additional children to Pallas, though these connections are obscure.
        • Pallas the Titan may have been connected to a Pallas the Giant who figures in the legends of the goddess Athena. Athena reportedly killed Pallas, skinned him, used his skin as a shield, and took his name as "Pallas Athena". Alternatively there is a mention of a female Pallas connected to the goddess. Athena was reportedly raised not by her biological parents but by a foster father, the god Triton. Her foster sister was a nymph called Pallas, biological daughter of Triton. The two girls played violent war games with each other. Athena did not realize that Pallas was not immortal and accidentally killed her. She apparently took her deceased foster sister's name as "Pallas Athena".
      • Perses' name is etymologically connected to terms for destruction and ravaging. He was the mate of the female Titan or goddess Asteria, identified with the islands of Ortygia and Delos. He is mostly remembered as the father of the goddess Hecate. A few ancient sources give him a second daughter, Chariclo. Chariclo was the wife of the centaur Chiron, but is otherwise a minor figure. Her ancestry is rarely mentioned in ancient sources, and the few mentions are contradictory to each other.
    • Kronos/Cronus was the most prominent male Titan and the reported ruler of the Pantheon. He was the mate of the female Titan Rhea. The Romans identified him with Saturn/Saturnus, one of their prominent deities. Later Greek and Roman sources often identified Kronos with Chronos/Chronus, the personification of Time. The identification derived from the similarity between the names, though they probably started out as different deities/concepts. Chronos is still depicted in modern media as the personification "Father Time". Kronos is portrayed rather ambivalently in ancient sources. He is described as a paranoid tyrant in relation to other immortals, but his rule over the world is described as a happy Golden Age. In fact the world ruled by Kronos is described as much better and less troubled than that ruled by Zeus.
      • Kronos is generally described as the father of the goddesses Hestia, Demeter, and Hera, and the gods Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus. Through these 6 children, Kronos is the ancestor or numerous major and minor gods, heroes, and other mortals. A few more obscure legends attribute additional children to him. One features him as the father of the Korybantes/Corybants, an ancient cult associated with dancing and drumming. Another has him as the father of the centaur Chiron, explaining why Chiron was immortal while all other centaurs were mortals. Roman sources identifying Kronos with Saturn feature him as father of Picus. Picus was one of the ancestral kings of Latium and the Latins. Picus, who was married and devoted to his wife, dared to reject the romantic advances of the sorceress Circe. In revenge, she transformed him into a woodpecker.
    • Dione is sometimes considered a female Titan, though a prominent early source makes her one of the Oceanids. Her name is a feminine form of "Dios", another name of Zeus. She was worshiped as a mate or consort of Zeus in various local cults, most notably in the oracle of Dodona. She rarely appears in mythology, her most prominent appearance being the "Iliad" by Homer. She has been described as the mother of the goddess Aphrodite and was worshiped alongside her in a number of ancient cults. However, in most versions of Aphrodite's legends, the goddess does not have a mother.
    • Hyperion was a male Titan, and mate of the female Titan Theia/Thia. His name means "The High-One", though a less literal translation such as "Watcher from Above" has been suggested. Ancient writers associated him with watchfulness, wisdom and light. Modern writers suspect that he was a solar deity in his own right. He was mostly remembered as the father of Eos (the Dawn), Helios (the Sun), and Selene (the Moon).
      • Helios/Helius is considered either as a second-generation male Titan or a god in his own right. He was a solar deity, the personification of the Sun. His very name continues to be the term for Sun in the Greek language since antiquity. The Roman/Latin equivalent was "Sol". He shared some aspects of a typical solar deity with Apollo, though they were otherwise distinct figures in legend. Helios/Helius was the father of several children. The most notable among them were Aeëtes, King of Colchis, the sorceress Circe, Pasiphaë, Queen of Crete, and Phaethon.
        • Aeëtes is considered the mythological founder of the historical Kingdom of Colchis, situated in the Caucasus. Colchis occupied areas of modern Georgia, Russia, and Turkey. He is prominently remembered for his role in the legends of the Argonauts (who enter his kingdom in quest for the Golden Fleece) and as the father of the famous sorceress Medea.
        • Circe was an immortal sorceress, considered a sister (or daughter) to Aeëtes and an aunt to Medea. She ruled her own domain, the island Aeaea. There are various locations associated with her, such as Mount Circeo in Italy. She had the power to transform humans into animals and back again. She is considered the mother of several children by Odysseus (Earth-616), King of Ithaca, though she eventually married his son (by another woman) Telemachus. Her most notable children were Telegonus (son of Odysseus who committed accidental patricide and founder of the city of Tusculum) and Latinus (eponymous founder of the Latins and an ancestor to the Romans). The mythological king Faunus, and a god by the same name who was possibly the king following deification, were sometimes said to be the sons of Circe, though the connection is obscure.
        • Pasiphaë was a Queen of Crete, consort of the famous king Minos. Mythology attributes to her several magical powers, and modern scholars suspect that she was originally a goddess and not a mortal queen. Most of her children were from Minos, except from the hybrid Asterion/Asterius who is better known as the Minotaur. He was reportedly conceived from a mating of Pasiphaë with the Bull of Crete. Several mythological characters associated with Crete, such as Ariadne (wife of Dionysus, Phaedra (wife of Theseus, and Deucalion, King of Crete (father of the warrior-king Idomeneus, one of the commanders of the Trojan War) were all said to be children of Pasiphaë.
        • Phaethon was a son of Helios from a mortal woman. He sought assurance of his paternity, which was disbelieved by other mortals . His father gave him permission to drive the solar chariot on his own for a single day as a mark of favor. He lost control of the solar horses, and this caused a great disaster. Zeus killed him to prevent the world from burning down.
      • Eos (the Dawn) was the female Titan or goddess personifying the Dawn. Modern scholars believe she was originally an Indo-European goddess and that her worship and names survive in several Indo-European languages, and even some other languages with Indo-European loanwords. Eos was known as "Ushas" to the writers of the Vedas, "Aurora" to the Romans, "Eostre" or "Ostara" to the Germanic and Anglo-Saxon people, "Aušrinė" to the Lithuanians, and "Thesan" to the Etruscans. Eos was considered a lusty goddess who abducted mortal lovers and was constantly in love. Her most notable lover was Tithonus. She asked Zeus to make him immortal and he granted her wish. But she had forgotten to ask for eternal youth for him. So Tithonus aged into a suffering and incapacitated old man, with no death ever granting him an escape.
      • Selene was the moon goddess and the personification of the Moon. Her Roman equivalent was Luna. She shared some lunar deity aspects with Artemis and Hecate, and they are partly identified in later sources. Her name is possibly etymologically connected to the Greek term "selas" for light. She was the mother of adoptive mother of several children by various lovers, both mortal and immortals. Her most famous lover was Endymion, a handsome mortal. She asked Zeus to grant him eternal youth and immortality, and Zeus granted her wish. But with a twist, Endymion fell into an eternal sleep. Selene has sexual relationships with the sleeping immortal and reportedly has over 50 children with him. The most famous among them was Narcissus, a handsome man who fell in love with himself and never cared for anyone else. His name is the source of the moderm term "narcissism".
    • Iapetos/Iapetus/Japetus. Male Titan, mate of either Clymene the Oceanid or Asia the Oceanid. His name means "the Piercer" and derives from the Greek term "iapto" ("wound, pierce"). His descendants were the creators and/or patrons of humanity and mortal humans, so this Titan is often associated with mortality by modern scholaes. His name possibly appears in the Book of the Genesis as Japheth/Iapheth/Iafeth/Iapetus. This Japheth was one of the sons of Noah and ancestor of several tribes in Jewish mythology. Iapetus is primarily remembered as the father of second-generation male Titans Atlas, Epimetheus, Menoetius, and Prometheus.
      • Atlas is a prominent male Titan. The etymology of his name is disputed, though there is a possible connection to the term "tlinai" which means "to endure", "to support", "to uphold". The physically powerful Atlas faced the Olympian gods, was defeated, and was sentenced to support the wait of the Heavens (or alternatively the World) on his shoulders. He is a popular theme in art since antiquity. In his most prominent legend, Atlas tricks Herakles to serve as his replacement in an effort to regain his freedom. He is then tricked by Herakles into returning to his task. Atlas is the father of many immortal daughters, typically divided in groups. They are the Pleiades, Hyades, and Hesperides. The minor goddess Calypso is also his daughter. Through hid daughters, Atlas has several descendants. For example, his daughter Maia is the mother of the god Hermes.
        • Atlas is associated since antiquity with geographical features that carry his name. They include the Atlas Mountains of Nortn Africa, the Atlantic Ocean (literally "Ocean of Atlas" or "Sea of Atlas"), and the island of Atlantis (literally "Island of Atlas").
      • The name of the male Titan Epimetheus literally means "afterthinker", and connects him to the concepts of "hindsight" and "afterthought". His main trait is that he acts first and thinks later, which leads to major errors in judgement. In modern terms, he is usually portrayed as a blunderer, fool, or idiot. There are two prominent appearances of Epimetheus in legend. In one, the gods create the animals and Epimetheus is trusted as the one who will distribute to them the genetic traits ensuring their survival. These traits include strength, swiftness, armor, size, flight, and burrowing ability, etc. By the time this genetic engineer (as the legend depicts him) comes to design humanity, he has run out of desirable traits and ideas. So humans are created naked, weak, and incapable of competing with the other animals. It falls to Prometheus to help them survive and equip them with civilization. In the other prominent legend of Monoetius the gods conspire against Epimetheus and his creations, and trick him into marrying Pandora. Her excessive curiosity led her to open the proverbial Pandora's box and unleash locked evils. Epimetheus is considered the father of Pyrrha, the only woman who survived the Deluge of Deucalion. She married Deucalion and was the ancestor of later humanity.
      • Menoetius' name apparently means "doomed might". It derives from the terms "menos" ("might, power") and "oitos" ("doom, pain"). He is associated with insolence, violent anger, rash action, and human mortality. He was excessively strong and proud, faced the Olympian gods, and was taken down by one of Zeus' thunderbolts. He was sentenced to an afterlife in Erebus, one of the darkest areas of the Greek underworld. It is unclear if he is identical to another Menoetius who is mentioned as servant of Hades. Curiously for a male Titan, Menoetius has no known descendants.
      • Prometheus was a prominent male second-generation Titan. His name is typically connected to the concepts of forethought and thinking before acting, though the etymology is disputed. A connection to the Vedic term "pramathyu-s", ("thief") has been suggested. He is the most prominent patron of humanity and creator of civilization. His most prominent myth has him stealing fire from the gods and offering its use to primitive humanity. He was punished with torment by Zeus, though ancient sources vary if it was an eternal punishment or lasted for a few centuries of his life. He is a very popular character in literature since antiquity, though writers have varied wildly in their depictions of him. Legends mention relatively few children of Prometheus. His most prominent son was Deucalion. He survived a Deluge and was the ancestor of later humanity.
    • Mnemosyne is a female Titan, and a personification of memory as a goddess. She was a lover of Zeus and mother to several daughters, the Muses. Her daughters are patron deities to various arts and intellectual domains. Calliope is the patron of Epic Poetry, Clio of History, Euterpe of Music, Erato of Lyric Poetry, Melpomene of Tragedy, Polyhymnia of Hymns, Terpsichore of Dance, Thalia of Comedy, and Urania of Astronomy.
    • Okeanos/Oceanus was a male Titan and a sea deity. He was a personification of the sea, "an enormous river encircling the world". The etymology of his name is uncertain. The term "Ocean" derives from his name, not the other way around. He figures relatively often in legend, but rarely in a prominent role. He is the mate of the female Titan Tethys. He has numerous children. Most of the male ones are Potamoi (Rivers or River Gods), while the female ones are called Oceanids. They, more often than not, are personifications of water bodies. Several prominent River Gods and Oceanids have their own legends, and are ancestors of various immortals and mortal humans.
    • Phoibe/Phoebe was a female Titan. Her name means "bright" and connects her to the light, and is a feminine form of Phoibos/Phoebus. Modern scholars suspect she was a solar or lunar deity. She was the mate of the male Titan Koios/Coeus. She is mostly remembered as the mother of the female Titan or goddess Leto/Latona, and as the maternal grandmother (through her) of Apollo and Artemis. Apollo is often called Phoebus, as if her inheriting the name of his grandmother.
    • Rhea was a female Titan, and the queen of the Pantheon. The etymology of her name is disputed and might not be Greek at all. She was the mate of the male Titan Kronos/Kronus and the mother of the goddesses Hestia, Demeter, and Hera, and the gods Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus. Through these 6 children, Rhea is the ancestor or numerous major and minor gods, heroes, and other mortals. She is called the "mother of the gods". She was not a major figure in classical mythology. By the Hellenistic years, Rhea was identified with the Anatolian mother goddess Cybele. Her legends became associated with Cybele and she became just another name of the more prominent goddess.
    • Tethys was a female Titan and a sea goddess. Her name possibly derives from the term "tethy" ("grandmother", "old woman") and she is depicted in sources as an already ancient primordial deity. A modern theory suggests that she was the Greek version of the Sumerian sea goddess Tiamat, a primordial deity in Mesopotamian mythology. In legends she figures as the mother of the mate of the male Titan Oceanos/Oceanus, mother of the River Gods and Oceanids, and foster mother of the goddess Hera.
    • Themis was a female Titan. She is a personification of justice, divine order, law, natural law and custom. Her name likely derives from the term "tithemi" to put. She is often depicted in art blindfolded, and holding a sword. She continues in the modern world to be associated with justice and legal courts, where her depictions often appear. There were a few cults dedicated to her in antiquity, though she was not a major deity. She was a lover a Zeus and mother of Horae/Hours (goddesses associated with Time), and the Moirai/Fates (goddesses associated with fate and destiny).
    • Theia/Thia was a female Titan, and the mate of the male Titan Hyperion. Her name literally means "divine" and means she was seen as a goddess. She is sometimes called by the alias Euryphaessa "wide-shining", which likely means she was associated with the light. She is mostly remembered as the mother of Eos (the Dawn), Helios (the Sun), and Selene (the Moon).


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