Stane International,[1] formerly known as Stark Industries[3] and Stark International[2] was a manufacturing and engineering company based in the United States of America but operating with worldwide interests. Founded in the 19th Century by Isaac Stark, Sr. and later carried into the Modern Age by members of the Stark family,[11] the company was later subjected to a hostile takeover operated by corporate raider Obadiah Stane under Tony Stark's chairmanship and then renamed Stane International.[1] After Obadiah Stane's death,[12] the company was first controlled by the S.H.I.E.L.D. Executive Board through a Life-Model Decoy of Obadiah Stane,[6] and later acquired by Justin Hammer's Hammer Industries, being finally reabsorbed back by Tony Stark through his new business entity, Stark Enterprises.[5] Stark then ended up shutting down Stane International due to the company's previous illegal activities under Hammer Industries' ownership.[4]

19th Century

The company's origins date back to the 19th Century, when Dr. Isaac Stark Sr. turned his manufacturing and engineering concern into a global industrial superpower, developing new technologies that helped to redefine innovative security measures for the industrial age.[10] After Isaac Stark's death, the company passed through several hands, including his son Isaac Stark, Jr. and grandson Howard Stark, Sr.[11][9]

20th Century

Stark Industries gained growing prosperity under the leadership of Howard Stark Senior's son, Howard Stark, Jr.,[10] who had obtained full control of the company after his brother, Edward, had sold his shares.[9] Appointed President of Stark Industries,[13] Howard Stark successfully turned the company into the world leader in munitions development, while also branching out into several other scientific fields, including aeronautics, robotics, micro-technology and fringe science; since that, Stark Industries had its corporate offices in the portion of New York City's Queens province located in Long Island.[10]

Hercules was an initial investors in Stark Industries. The original investment was $100,000, but now when the size of the investment was calculated, a second line of zeroes was required.[14]

In 1965,[15] Howard Stark helped founding a global espionage agency named S.H.I.E.L.D., with Stark Industries providing weapons, munitions, technology and vehicles, including the agency's mobile headquarters, known as the S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier.[16]

Howard relied upon the genius of his adopted son, Anthony, for many of the company's advancements, even appointing him Vice President of Development. Tony, however, demonstrated little interest in Stark Industries' day-to-day management, and industrial rival Republic Oil & Gas Company, in order to have Tony selling them his shares, arranged for the death of Howard and Maria Stark in a car accident. Tony, sole heir to his father's assets, was promoted to President, taking full control of Stark Industries and refusing Republic Oil's selling offer.[17]

Modern Age

Stark Industries (Earth-616) from Tales of Suspense Vol 1 48 001

Tony Stark then continued to aggressively develop new technologies and innovations, leading Stark Industries to become a major contractor for both corporate and government concerns. While personally overseeing the using of his manufactured munitions and weapons by the U.S. Army in the Middle East,[18] Tony Stark was nearly killed by an exploding land mine; captured by some revolutionary terrorists, he was saved by scientist Ho Yinsen, a fellow prisoner. Stark then developed a suit of sturdy body armor that not only saved his injured heart, but also enabled him to escape imprisonment. Upon returning to the United States, Tony modified the crude battlesuit, ultimately building what would soon become the recognizable armor of Iron Man.[7][18]

Back in the United States, Tony proudly kept Stark Industries running, employing Virginia 'Pepper' Potts as his personal Executive Assistant and ex-boxer Harold 'Happy' Hogan as chaffeur. Requiring the Iron Man Armor's chest plate (actually an Arc Reactor) to being kept alive, Stark introduced Iron Man as its bodyguard, starting to fund and finance the Avengers' activities (a superheroes group which he, as Iron Man, had founded), even setting his family's Manhattan manor as the Avengers' headquarters, known as the Avengers Mansion.[17] Stark also mantained his father's contract with S.H.I.E.L.D., producing equipment, weapons and vehicles for the organization, eventually becoming part of its Supreme International Council as Head of Special Weapons Division.[19][20]

Under Tony Stark's leadership, Stark Industries had several lucrative contracts with many financial institutions, but, despite his skill as an inventor and businessman, Stark's playboy image didn't sit well with many military and political figures, including senator Harrington Byrd, who frequently clashed with Tony over how he ran Stark Industries and performed under government contracts.[21]

Stark International

After driving the company to new heights year after year, Tony Stark eventually suffered a crisis of conscience and declared that Stark would no longer produce weapons for S.H.I.E.L.D., the Government, or any other parties.[22] As Stark Industries continued to change its public persona and strengthened the corporation's foreign interests, it became known as Stark International.[2]

Stane International

As part of his ongoing efforts to destroy Tony Stark, corporate raider Obadiah Stane brought Stark International to the edge of financial ruin. On top of the physical and psychological torments heaped upon him, Tony was eventually bought out by Stane, and Stark International was renamed in favor of its new owner.[1]

After Obadiah Stane's downfall and death,[12] the S.H.I.E.L.D. Executive Board ended up controlling the company through an advanced Life-Model Decoy of Stane.[6] The company was then acquired by Tony Stark's rival Justin Hammer's Hammer Industries, and later reabsorbed back by Tony Stark's latest corporate entity, Stark Enterprises, after Tony forced Justin Hammer to turn the assets back over to him. Stane International then became a subsidiary of Stark Enterprises.[5]

Stark Enterprises later shutted down Stane International due to its previous illegal activities performed while under Justin Hammer's ownership.[4]

Executive Staff

Stark Industries

Stark International

Stane International

See Also

Links and References


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Iron Man #173
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Iron Man #73
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Tales of Suspense #45
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Iron Man #301
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Iron Man #283
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Nick Fury vs. S.H.I.E.L.D. #3
  7. 7.0 7.1 Tales of Suspense #39
  8. Iron Man #28
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 All-New Iron Manual #1
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Invincible Iron Man Vol 2 #5
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Invincible Iron Man Vol 2 #10
  12. 12.0 12.1 Iron Man #200
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 Iron Man: The Iron Age #1
  14. Hercules: Fall of An Avenger #1
  15. S.H.I.E.L.D. Vol 3 #9; Dum-Dum Dugan's story
  16. Original Sin Annual #1
  17. 17.0 17.1 Iron Man: The Iron Age #1-2
  18. 18.0 18.1 Iron Man Vol 4 #1-6
  19. Strange Tales #135
  20. 20.0 20.1 Iron Man: The Iron Age #2
  21. Tales of Suspense #46-47
  22. Iron Man #50-51
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Iron Man #48-49
  24. Tales of Suspense #46
  25. 25.0 25.1 Fury #1
  26. Iron Man #31
  27. Iron Man #267
  28. Iron Man #62
  29. Iron Man #124
  30. 30.0 30.1 Iron Man #118
  31. Iron Man #171
  32. Iron Man #169
  33. Iron Man #132
  34. Iron Man #119
  35. Iron Man #174