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Reed Richards (Earth-616) from Avengers Vol 5 43 cover

Preface

Reed Richards, AKA Mister Fantastic, is a founding member of the Fantastic Four. During a flight into space, Richards and his friends were bombarded with Cosmic Rays that endowed them with fantastic powers. As Mister Fantastic, Richards uses his pliable body and unparalleled intellect for the betterment of the human race.

Below you will find brief synopsis detailing portions of his life. For a more detailed look at these periods click on the heading for an appearance-by-appearance chronology.

Early Life

Early Life

Reed Richards,was born the only son of wealthy physicist Nathaniel Richards and his wife Evelyn. He was a child prodigy with special aptitude in mathematics, physics, and mechanics.[1][2] By the age of seven, Reed's mother had passed away, and at the time Reed's intelligence was at the college level by the time he was fourteen.[1] His father then later left him left his son with enough money to continue his education and fund future experiments. He left Reed in the care of the family butler Giles Peacock and his wife.[3]

Education

It was at State University in Hegeman, New York, that Reed Richards first met two of the most important individuals in his life. He was assigned to room with a foreign student, a scientific genius named Victor von Doom. Reed and Von Doom became intellectual rivals throughout their time at State University. So instead Richards ended up rooming with former high school football star Benjamin J. Grimm, who became Richards’ closest friend. Richards was already intending to build a starship for interstellar travel. When he told his ambitions to Grimm, Grimm jokingly said that he would pilot the starship for Richards someday.[4][5][6]

During the summer months Reed rented a room from Mary Storm. It was there that he first met the future love of his live Susan Storm, Mary's young niece who was much younger than he was. The girl developed an instant crush on Richards.[7][8][9] Years later, while working on his third doctorate, he reconnected with Susan Storm, whom he hardly recognized now that she was a full grown woman. He fell in love with her instantly and he began courting her, much to Marygay's approval.[10] Ultimately, Reed was too distracted from his work due to his romance with Sue, and decided that the best thing for the both of them was to move out of Marygay's home.[10]

Military Service

Reed and Ben later served in the military together. Their time in war increased their trust in each other.[11][note 1] During the his military career, he apparently met and fought alongside Sargent Nick Fury during a military conflict.[12][note 2] It was during his time in the military that hair on Reed's temples began turning grey.[13][note 3] By his own admission, during combat missions, Reed frequently thought of Susan Storm, his "girl back home."[11]

Three years before Reed Richards tested his starship, his father resurfaced one last time and made sure that his son had the proper funding for his experiments before disappearing again.[3][note 4] His research into building his ship revolutionized space travel, gaining Richards some media traction.[14]

Modern Age

Year One

Origins

Reed continued his space project, but eventually the federal government then threatened to withdraw its funding from the project. Richards decided to take the starship on a test flight himself before this could shut him down. Grimm was persuaded to serve as pilot, and Susan Storm and her brother Johnny insisted on accompanying Richards as passengers. The four friends stole onto the launch facility.[15] Soon they were aboard their ship and took off for their experimental space flight. [15][note 5] However, unknown to Richards and his crew the area was about to undergo a cosmic ray storm.[15] [note 6] Since the ship was designed to shield against ordinary levels of radiation, the cabin was subjected to intense cosmic ray bombardment which irradiated the four passengers and wrought havoc on the ship's controls.[15][note 7] Pilot Grimm was forced to abort the flight and return to Earth.[15][note 8]Once back on Earth, the four passengers discovered that the cosmic radiation had triggered mutagenic changes in their bodies. Reed Richards discovered that his body had become malleable and that he now had the ability to elongate his body at will. Richards convinced the others that the four of them should use their new-found powers for the good of humanity as members of a team he named the Fantastic Four. Richards, who became the team’s leader, calling himself Mister Fantastic, while Ben Grimm, Susan Storm, and Johnny Storm named themselves the Thing, the Invisible Girl, and the Human Torch, respectively.[15]

Early Adventures and Team Conflicts

The early adventures of the Fantastic Four introduced them to many of there notable foes including Mole Man[15], The Skrulls[16],Namor[17] Puppet Master [18],the return of the college friend, Victor von Doom as Doctor Doom[19], Red Ghost[20], The Frightful Four[21], among many others foiling there plans for world domination each time.

The Fantastic Four also began to meet the super-hero community at large and had several adventures with them including The Hulk[22], The Watcher[20], Thor[23], Ant-Man. [24],Spider-Man (who tried to join the Fantatsic Four) [25],, The Avengers[26] The X-Men[27] and Daredevil[28].

Throughout the team's early years, the team dynamic was still rocky and several times the team pseudo disbanded[29].Johnny left a couple of times after feeling unappreciated[30][31] and Ben also left after being turned back into the Thing by Reed.[32] Also during this time Reed began searching for a cure the Thing, though he failed each time.[33]

Engagement and Marriage

Reed finally began mustering up the nerve to ask Sue to marry him. However, the Sub-Mariner broke into the Baxter Building and kidnapped her. Reed ran after her alone, but Johnny and Ben soon followed him and Namor was defeated with the help of Dr. Strange. On the way back, Sue expressed her conflicted feelings over both Reed and Namor, discouraging Reed from proposing to her at the time.[34] Reed was later invited to a speaking engagement at Statue University. Following a conflict with Diablo and Dragon Man, Reed finally mustered up the nerve to ask Sue to marry him, a proposal she accepted.[35] Before she would allow herself to get married, Sue insisted that they bring the Skrull responsible for murdering their father to justice. Travelling to the Skrull home the group were captured by Warlord Morrat the man responsible for killing Franklin Storm. Unknown to the Four at the time Morrat was attempting to usurp the throne from Skrull ruler Emperor Dorrek and force his daughter Princess Anelle to be his queen. When Morrat's schemes were revealed he died under the orders of Dorrek VII who allowed the Fantastic Four to return home to Earth.[36]

Soon it was Reed and Sue's wedding day and among the guests in attendance were the Avengers, the X-Men, Doctor Strange, Nick Fury and his agents of SHIELD, and Spider-Man. Dr. Doom, seeking revenge for his previous defeat used an "Emotion Changer" to make various villains feel compelled to attack the wedding. These criminals included regular Fantastic Four foes such as the Puppet Master, Red Ghost and his Super-Apes, Mole Man and his Moloids, the Mad Thinker and his Awesome Android, Super-Skrull, the Beetle, Attuma; as well as Iron Man foe the Mandarin, Black Knight, the Unicorn, the Melter; Thor foes such as the Grey Gargoyle, the Cobra, Mr. Hyde, the Enchantress, the Executioner; Avengers foe the future warlord Kang the Conqueror; Spider-Man and Daredevil's nemesis Electro, Giant-Man foe the Human Top, and members of the terrorist organization known as Hydra. While the wedding attendees fought the army of super-villains, Reed was visited by the Watcher who offered Reed any of his scientific devices at his disposal. Reed chose a Time Displacer that returned all the villains to where they came from with no memory of their battle. The device also apparently effected Dr. Doom as Reed and Sue were able to finally be married without any further interruption.[37]

Year Two

Inhumans

Medusa of the Frightful Four approached the Fantastic Four's assistance in evading capture by Gorgon, a member of her race of Inhumans. During a battle with Gorgon and Dragon Man, Reed and the others were buried alive leaving Gorgon who escaped with Medusa.[38] Escaping the rubble, Johnny eventually found the Inhumans when he discovered and instantly fell in love with the youthful Crystal who mistook Johnny for one of her people and brought him to the secret location where she was hiding out. There he met with her leader Black Bolt, Karnak, Triton, her sister Medusa, Gorgon and her teleporting dog Lockjaw. Recognized by Gorgon and Medusa, the Inhumans tried to stop Johnny before someone called the Seeker found them. Johnny, in turn, summoned his teammates who came to his aid.[39][40] The Inhumans decided to flee before they were captured. The team learned that the Seeker sought to capture the rogue Inhuman Royal Family to bring them back to his ruler, Maximus the Mad. The Four followed the Seeker back to the Attilan, home of the Inhumans. They had arrived just as Black Bolt had retaken the throne from Maximus. However Maximus was not ready to admit defeat, seeking to conquer the Earth for his fellow Inhumans, Maximus activated his Atmo-Gun in the hopes of wiping out the human race.[41][42] However, Inhumans and humans proved to be much similar and the weapon had only a mild effect. Furious, Maximus then attempted to seal off the Great Refuge in an impenetrable "Negative Zone" barrier. Johnny refused to leave Crystal and was forced to leave by his teammates. Trapped outside the Great Refuge, Johnny vowed to find a way back to Crystal no matter what, and Reed offered to do anything he could to aid him.

The Silver Surfer and Galactus

Not long after the Watcher attempted to obscure the Earth from the Silver Surfer, herald of the planet-eating Galactus. While Reed tried to study Galactus and his herald, Johnny and Ben tried to clash with the Surfer, but were too late to stop him from summoning his master to Earth.[43][42] Further attacks directly at Galactus also were met with failure. Johnny was then led to Galactus' Worldship to obtain the one weapon that could stop Galactus, while Reed and the others faced off against Galactus and his cyborg guardian the Punisher.[44] Johnny returned to Earth just as the Silver Surfer joined the Fantastic Four in trying to stop his master. Johnny then turned over the Ultimate Nullifier to Reed who then used it to bluff Galactus into surrendering. Galactus agreed to not consume the Earth, and left but not before exiling the Surfer to Earth.[45] Back in New York, the Thing got into a fight with the Silver Surfer, whom Ben assumed was trying to steal Alicia away from him. Reed and Sue eventually intervened, convincing Ben that the Surfer posted no threat to his relationship.[46]

Dr. Doom tricked the Silver Surfer into visiting his kingdom then used his scientific equipment to steal the Surfer's Power Cosmic for himself.[47] Reed then lured Doom out of Earth's atmosphere and into the barrier that Galactus put in place to keep the Surfer on Earth. The resulting impact seemingly slew Doom and the Power Cosmic was reverted back to the Silver Surfer.[48][note 9]

Soon the Surfer sought out the Fantastic Four for help when Galactus was on his way to force the Surfer to be his herald once more the Silver Surfer - fled into the Microverse. Galactus demanded that the Fantastic Four find the Surfer or he would have no choice but to consume Earth.[49] Reed deduced that the Surfer fled to the Microverse and they followed after him in Reed's newly constructed Reducta-Craft.[50] There they clashed with the Surfer and convinced him to help Galactus. The Surfer did help Galactus in finding the energy he needed in an uninhabited solar system but found himself exiled on Earth to be used by Galactus again in the future.[51]

The Birth of Franklin

Not long after their return from the Enclave, Sue collapsed and Reed's examinations found that Sue was pregnant with his child.[52] Sue stayed with the group for a while until during a battle with the Mad Thinker's newest android Reed felt that he and his pregnant wife could not be safe at the Baxter Building and he resolved to leave the group.[53] With Sue in the hospital expecting to give birth Reed was called in by the doctors who showed him troubling charts: the cosmic rays that gave Sue her powers were a risk to her and their unborn child and could prove to be fatal to them during childbirth. Reed decided to hide this fact from his wife but she sensed there was something wrong, [54] Reed revealed this to Ben and Johnny. Having discovered that a power source in the Negative Zone, traveling together they were captured by the ruler of the Negative Zone, a brutal Darwinist known as Annihilus. Learning that Annihilus' Cosmic Control Rod was the energy source Reed needed the trio stole it and attempted to flee the Negative Zone. However, caught between Annihilus and the Annihilation Zone Reed compromised with the strange creature: he siphoned the energy he needed and returned the Rod to Annihilus in exchange for safe passage back to Earth. Rushing to the hospital, Reed succeeded in saving Sue's life, who gave birth to a healthy baby boy.[55]

Reed and Sue had decided upon a name for their son. They named him Franklin after Sue's late father. The couple also decided that if Sue was to become active with the Fantastic Four again they needed to employ a nanny. They agreed to see Agatha Harkness. There their visit was interrupted by the Frightful Four, they were saved thanks to the intervention of Harkness who used her powers of witchcraft to drive out their foes. Due to her ability to defend herself, Harkness was hired as Franklin's new nanny.[56]


Year Three

Overmind

Reed and the rest of the team was visited by the Watcher who warned them of the coming threat of a being calling itself the Overmind. Soon enough the mayor of New York ordered the Fantastic Four to surrender to the authorities. Reed convinced his team to follow the mayor's wishes unaware that he was already under the thrall of the Overmind.[57][note 10] They were soon attacked by the Overmind who wished to test their abilities. The Overmind erased their memories of the battle and sent them on their way.[58] Contacting the Watcher the Fantastic Four learned that the Overmind was the last survivor of the Eternals of Eyung who sought to conquer the universe. Reed was suddenly possessed by the Overmind himself and attacked them. His teammates were no match for Reed's fighting prowess and he escaped the Baxter Building with ease.[59]

However when faced with the Overmind Reed resisted his foe and fighting back by trying to hold on to memories of his wife and son. Despite his efforts, Reed succumbed completely to the Overmind. The Fantastic Four had no other choice but to seek an alliance with Doctor Doom, who agreed to help them stop the Overmind. Under Doom's leadership, the team held Reed at bay long enough for the enigmatic Stranger to arrive on Earth. As it turned out the Stranger was and agent of the Gigantans, ancient enemies of the Eternals, and used his power to banish the Overmind to the Microverse. With the Overmind defeated all those under his thrall, were freed from his control.[60]

The Illuminati

With the current Kree-Skrull conflict over a group of prominent members of the super-hero community were gathered for a secret meeting in Wakanda. Reed joined the ranks of the Black Panther, Namor, Iron Man, Doctor Strange, Black Bolt, and Professor X . Their primary discussion regarding the threat posed by two alien races, the exchange of information, as well as forming a secret think-tank to deal with global threats. With the exception of the Black Panther they all agreed to form a secret group that would share information and form this secret society. This clandestine group eventually became known as the Illuminati.[61]

Martial Problems and Separation

Reed continued to work on his Mento-Projector device after breaking up a squabble between Ben and Johnny, Reed left it on Ben's care. Reliving the early days of the Fantastic Four with the helmet convinced Ben to go after the Mole Man in the hopes that their oldest foe could provide a cure for Alicia's blindness.[62] When the group learned where Ben had gone they went after him. Along the way, Reed continued to try and get Sue to stay behind but she became increasingly defiant wanting an equal part on the team. She and Reed soon began to argue with each other on the mission.[63] When Johnny decided to leave the group to reunite with Crystal in Attilan Reed tried to stop him, but was opposed by his wife. When Agatha later asked that they pick up their son Franklin Reed ordered Sue to go pick up their son alone, much to her continued aggravation. [64]

Reed was ambushed by the Frightful Four who broke into their headquarters. During the fight, Sue returned with young Franklin. When Reed ordered her to take their son to safety, she refused to leave the battle. In the aftermath of the battle Reed and Sue got into a heated argument about Sue's part on the team and her role as a mother and a wife. Fed up with her constant defiance of his wishes Reed told Sue that if she wanted to leave she should do so. Although Reed instantly regretted his words he did nothing to stop his wife from taking him up on this suggestion and left with Franklin. Even though his wife had just quit the group Reed was convinced the Fantastic Four would continue on.[65] Later, Reed accepted Medusa into their ranks to fill the void left by Sue's departure.[66]

Learning that Sue was kidnapped from the farm she was staying at Reed went after her. The Fantastic Four were soon captured by Gregory Gideon and his minion the Dragon Man while searching for Sue.[67] Having captured Reed, Sue, and Franklin he intended to siphon off the cosmic energies from their bodies to cure himself and Thomas. While Reed was unconscious the rest of the Fantastic Four broke free. Gideon died trying to accomplish his goals and the Dragon Man was seemingly deactivated. When Sue woke up she begged her former teammates not to tell Reed that she was there and fled the scene with Franklin.[68]

The Team Splits and Reforms

Reed soon got a panicked call from Sue regarding Franklin's increasingly strange behavior. Before she could explain what was going on their transmission was cut short.[69] Rushing to Sue's aid the Fantastic Four were already too late and she had been kidnapped by an unseen foe. Returning to base Reed and the others found Annihilus waiting for them. The alien quickly trounced the group and took them with him into the Negative Zone.[69]

Recovering from the attack Reed and the others quickly discovered that Annihilus was holding Sue, Franklin and Agatha Harkness prisoner. Annihilus explained his plans to steal the energies coursing inside of Franklin's body that were taken from his Cosmic Control Rod when the boy was born. Reed and the others eventually managed to break free and rescue Sue, Franklin and Agatha and flee back to Earth. There Franklin's powers began flaring out of control threatening to destroy everything. With no other choice, Reed had to use an untested device to power down his son. The result had the unfortunate side effect of shutting down Franklin's mind in the process. Not only did Reed's actions push his wife further away from him but both Johnny and Ben were so horrified by what had happened they instantly quit the Fantastic Four.[70] During a conflict with Doctor Doom, fighting together alongside Reed again, Ben and Johnny decided to put aside their differences with Reed and reform the Fantastic Four.[71]

Sue began filing paperwork for a divorce. Assuming Sue was captured by Namor, Reed went after her, however Sue was not kidnapped but went with Namor willingly and that she was in love with him. This revelation crushed Reed.[72] Returning home in defeat Reed collapsed a third time in flight. Namor and Sue began an attack on New York City.[73] As the Fantastic Four and Thundra battled Namor and his hordes, Sue came to realize that Reed still loved her and that she loved him. Calling off the attack Sue ran to her husband and the two reconciled. In the aftermath of the battle it was revealed that Namor was working in league with the Inhumans the whole time and that Operation: Revival was a plan to get Reed and Sue to reconcile their differences.[74]

Year Four

Interlocking Technologies Inc.

With money growing tight, Reed sold Fantastic Four Inc. to Interlocking Technologies, Inc.'s owner Albert DeVoor unaware that Interlocking Technologies was a multidimensional corporation plotting to start a war between three different realities.[75] Later, Reed found his powers were starting to wane and decided to keep this a secret from his teammates. [76]

The team soon found itself under attack from Earth-A and the Fith Dimension and was contacted by Ben and the Reed Richards of Earth-A warning him that Interlocking Technologies was responsible and that DeVoor was employed by the Arkon to revitalizes the energy rings that keep his home world alive through the dimension destruction. Reed then developed devices that allowed Ben to travel into the Nexus and shut it down.[77] saving all three worlds in the process.[78][note 11]

Counter-Earth

A massive golden ape began attacking New York City, the ape, named Gorr, explained that it came to Earth to seek help in stopping Galactus.[79] Gorr explained he came from Counter-Earth a duplicate of Earth created by the High Evolutionary that orbited the sun opposite of Earth. When they arrived near Counter-Earth it was just as the newest herald of Galactus, the Asgardian Destroyer, was attacking the Evolutionary's asteroid base. The Fantastic Four's counter-attack attracted the attention of Galactus himself.[80]

Reed was able to appeal to Galactus to spare Counter-Earth. A weak Galactus agreed to spare Counter-Earth in exchange for a suitable replacement to be consumed. Discovereing three worlds that may suit the needs of Galactus without killing innocent lives, Reed and Ben were transported to the mechanical world of Mekka. Torgo accepted their promise not to reveal the location of his world to Galactus and let them go in peace.[81]

Returning to the High Evolutionary's base, the three male members of the Fantastic Four then ventured to Counter-Earth to assist the High Evolutionary in his battle against Galactus. During the ensuing battle Sue returned with an apparent suitable world for Galactus to consume. As it turned out Sue had enlisted the aid of the Impossible Man who gladly sacrificed his home world of Poppup to sate the hunger of Galactus. As the Fantastic Four returned to Earth they were unaware that their ship had been secretly boarded by Counter-Earth's own Reed Richards.[82] The Fantastic Four soon splashed down in Central Park and even though they were now stuck with the Impossible Man tried to continue on with the relative normalcy of their everyday lives.[83]

Powerless

During a struggle with the Frightful Four [83][84] The Counter-Earth Richards was able to toss Reed into the Negative Zone and take his place as the rest of the Fantastic Four and their allies defeated the Frightful Four. Using his counter-part's loss of powers as a cover, the Counter-Earth Richards was able to easily fool his foes into thinking that the "Brute" was lost in the Negative Zone.[82][note 12]

Reed awoke to find himself lost in the Negative Zone, attracted the attention of Annihilus but the ruler of the Negative Zone sought Reed as an ally not as a foe. Following Annihilus to the Mad Thinker who was seeking to take over the Negative Zone and the Earth.[85] Meanwhile on Earth, the Counter-Earth Reed Richards was getting dangerously close to being discovered and tricked Ben and Johnny into venturing into the Negative Zone and trapped them there. The three agreed to recover the Cosmic Control Rod for Annihilus. Before Reed could return the Cosmic Control Rod, his Counter-Earth double -- regaining his lucidity -- decided to risk his life instead, taking the Rod and diving into the Negative Zone portal where he seemingly perished.[86]

Learning that Agatha Harkness had kidnapped Franklin and disappeared in his absence, the team travelled to Whisper Hill.[87] Returning to headquarters Reed re-designed his long disused mechanical arms and used fragments to compensate for his lack of powers. Reed was able to track Agatha and Franklin to the Colorado Rockies. There they discovered the reclusive village of New Salem home to a coven of witches led by Nicholas Scratch. When the Fantastic Four arrived Scratch and his minions overpowered them and took them prisoner along with Harkness and Reed's son.[88] Breaking out of their cells the Fantastic Four clashed with the mystically powered Salem's Seven. During the course of the battle Reed's mechanical arms were. Their steel rendered the Seven powerless. Confronting Scratch during a mystical ceremony the FF and Agatha Harkness convinced the other witches to turn against Scratch and he was banished to another dimension.[89]

Year Five

Year Six

Year Seven

Year Eight

Year Nine

Year Ten

Year Eleven

Year Twelve

Year Thirteen

Year Fourteen

Time Measurement

The history of Reed Richards is governed by the Sliding Timescale of Earth-616. Please refer to the Sliding Timescale for more on how time is measured. This profile is measured in "years" based on the calendar of the Modern Age. Each year is measured by 365 days from the date the Fantastic Four first gained their powers.

Continuity Notes

  1. Fantastic Four #11 states that Reed was drafted into the military and joined the OSS during World War II. These should be considered topical references per the Sliding Timescale of Earth-616.
  2. Mentioned in Fantastic Four #21 and seen in Sgt Fury and his Howling Commandos #3. These stories specifically state that Reed fought during World War II, however due to the Sliding Timescale, this would become an impossibility without prematurely aging the character. An official explanation has yet to be provided. However, Marvel Knights 4 #4 recounts that Reed had a grandfather named John who fought in World War II. One could assume that the "Reed Richards" seen in Sgt. Fury #3 has been "retconned" to John Richards and that Reed and Fury met at some other point that is more malleable to the rules of the Sliding Timescale.
  3. As stated in a "fact" page in Fantastic Four Annual #1 states that Reed's hair began to go prematurely grey due to the "horrors of war"
  4. Fantastic Four #271 states that Nathaniel Richards left two billion dollars. However the dollar figure should be considered a topical referencedue to regular inflation.
  5. The reason for the space flight has changed over the years. This is because the purpose of Reed's space flight is a Topical Reference. In Fantastic Four #1 which implied they were traveling to the moon to beat the Soviets in the Space Race. In Fantastic Four #2 it is stated that they were attempting to reach Mars. Fantastic Four #236 states that they were attempting to reach the edge of the solar system using a new "Star Drive". Fantastic Four #358 states that they were trying to access another solar system via Hyperspace. Fantastic Four #543 stated that they were attempting faster than light space travel.
  6. There are number of additional contributing factors caused the mutations. Fantastic Four #297 states that a solar flare caused Earth's Van Allen radiation belts to be filled temporarily with unprecedented, ultra-high levels of cosmic radiation. While Fantastic Four #529-530 states that the cosmic rays were actually sent by a create referred to as the Entity and transmitted by Reed Richards from over a decade in the future.
  7. In Fantastic Four Vol 3 #11, Reed suspects that someone might have sabotaged his ship. However, this is the only version of the origin story that suggests this. All other versions simply state that Reed's shielding was not enough.
  8. The location where the ship crash landed has a number of conflicting details. Fantastic Four #245 and Thing #10 states that the ship crashed in Ithica, New York. Fantastic Four #296 states it was Stockton, New York. Both of these versions of the origin show the group crash landing in a forest, much like Fantastic Four #1 and other depictions. Fantastic Four Vol 3 #14 shows the team crashing near a large body of water, while Fantastic Four Vol 3 #60 states they crashed near Central City, California. The latter two retellings are similar to the "reborn" origin seen in Fantastic Four Vol 2 #1, so they might be erroneous recollections of the Fantastic Four's time on Counter-Earth during the Heroes Reborn event.
  9. Dr. Doom survived as revealed in Daredevil #37.
  10. In Fantastic Four #133 the mayor of New York City seen here is depicted as John Lindsay who was mayor of New York from 1966-1973. His appearance here should be considered a topical reference per the Sliding Timescale of Earth-616.
  11. Although Arkon's plot was foiled he managed to save is world of Polemachus with help from the X-Men in Uncanny X-Men Annual #3.
  12. The politicians featured in this story were New York Mayor Abe Beame, then outgoing President Gerald Ford, his successor Jimmy Carter, and Carter's losing opponent Ronald Reagan. The appearance of all three men in this story should be considered topical references per the Sliding Timescale of Earth-616.

References

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