Quote1 I am not the Sorcerer Supreme you are accustomed to matching. I am -- Doctor Voodoo! The Gunner of God -- when I roar the Earth trembles! Quote2
-- Doctor Voodoo src

Early life

Jericho returned to his native of Port-au-Prince, Haiti after twelve years of education and practice in the United States. His brother Daniel Drumm had become the local Houngan, but was dying from the spell of a rival bokor who claimed he served the evil serpent god Damballah. Before he died, Daniel made his brother vow to visit Papa Jambo, who had instructed Daniel in the arts of a Houngan.[4]

Brother Voodoo

After only a few weeks Jericho had reached a proficiency in voodoo even greater than his brother's. To further increase his power, Papa Jambo performed a rite that summoned Daniel Drumm's spirit back from the dead and joined it with Jericho's own. With his successor being found and ready to take his place, Papa Jambo died. Calling himself Brother Voodoo, Jericho defeated the cult and has proven himself the supreme Houngan of Haiti. He learned that it was not the true Damballah responsible, but a creation of the Elder God Set.[5]

Brother Voodoo investigated A.I.M.'s attempt to create a form of Zombies and has fought rival voodoo practitioner posing as Baron Samedi.[6]

Loralee Tate was kidnapped by the Cult of the Dark Lord[7] to be used as a sacrifice in order to rejuvenate the cult leader's mother, Mama Limbo. She was rescued by Brother Voodoo.[8] Afterwards, her father, a high ranking police officer, forbade her any further contact with Brother Voodoo, fearing that he was having a bad influence on her.[9]

Werewolf by Night

Jericho later helped the Werewolf by Night deal with Doctor Glitternight.[10] He used a spell that allowed his brother Daniel's spirit to control the actions of the werewolf. They battled hordes of Zombies, so they could enter the Black Egg, which was the source of Glitternight's power. Daniel was given for in the egg and helped his brother in battle working together to defeat Glitternight. After the battle his brother returned to his spirit form.[11]

The Thing

As a result of the disappearance of several members of the black community, Voodoo teamed up with the Thing of the Fantastic Four. The mystery lead them to Uganda where they had to fight Voodoo priest, W'Sulli; who was using a vampire to do his bidding. He was working with Kinji Obatu they took down both of the criminals and freed the prisoners.[12]

Damballah's Wangal

Brother Voodoo eventually succumbed to the lure of power that Damballah's wangal represented. Upon Jericho's wearing it, the god Damballah took over Daniel's soul, burned down the mansion, and apparently slew Bambu. He traveled to New York City to attempt to take over the mind and body of Earth's Sorcerer Supreme, Doctor Strange, who eventually freed Brother Voodoo of Damballah's influence and re-confined the evil god to the wangal.[13]

Moon Knight

Moon Knight came to Haiti and they teamed up to take down Grand Bois who was raising a Zombie army.[14] Drumm was later attacked by Doctor Friday and turned into a mindless Zombe.[15] Moon Knight was able to free his mind and together took down the Haitian crimelord.[16]

Doctor Voodoo Avenger of the Supernatural Vol 1 1 Textless

After Marie Le Veau used the Vampiric Verses, Brother Voodoo was forced to summon a zombie army to assist Doctor Strange, Clea, Rintrah, and Morbius.[17] Although they were able to defeat the vampires, the zombies then had to be destroyed to be at peace.[18]

Secret Invasion

Brother Voodoo became involved with the supernatural "Howling Commandos" operation of the espionage agency S.H.I.E.L.D.,[19] and registered with the government in accordance with the Superhuman Registration Act.[20][21]

At some point, he was replaced by a Skrull. While Black Panther was fighting Erik Killmonger, the Skrull Brother Voodoo revealed himself when he attempted to kill Cannibal, whom he deemed to be a threat. However, the two killed each other in the struggle and the discovery of "Brother Voodoo's" true form revealed the Skrull invasion to the Black Panther, allowing him time to prepare.[22]

Sorcerer Supreme

Agamotto appeared to Jericho through his Eye. The Eye left Strange after magically showing him and the New Avengers nearly thirty-candidates who would possibly replace Strange, reaching Voodoo. Because he possessed the Eye, along with Strange's former garb, Drumm became the new Sorcerer Supreme of Earth-616. The possession of the Eye indicated that Jericho possesses a pure heart and a clean soul. Drumm appeared in New Orleans to intervene in the desperate battle between Dormammu and The Hood against Doctor Strange with the New Avengers.[23]


When Agamotto was cast out of the Vishanti and had most of his powers stripped from him, he attacked the New Avengers in order to reclaim the Eye of Agamotto from Doctor Voodoo as it was the only artifact that could defeat him.[24] Jericho used the Eye to defeat Agamotto, but the Eye was destroyed and his life was lost in the process.[25]


When the Scarlet Witch was affected by an inversion spell which altered her moral axis, she set out to murder Doctor Doom for the manipulations she was victim of.[26] In order to stop her, Doctor Doom made a Faustian pact with a demigod to resurrect Doctor Voodoo, as he and his brother Daniel were the only ones capable of possessing Wanda, in order to make her "cooperate" in the conjuration of a reinversion spell.[27]

In the wake of the conflict, Doctor Voodoo joined the Avengers Unity Division.[28]

As the Unity Division became increasingly fractured during the new Civil War and the threat of the Terrigenesis cloud, Drumm was shocked to learn that his brother had chosen to side with the Hand, seeking his own resurrection even at the cost of becoming their pawn, going so far as to offer them the corpse of the recently-deceased Bruce Banner to become their agent of destruction[29]. Voodoo was able to escape his brother and warn the Unity Division of this threat, but while they failed to stop the Hulk's resurrection[30], Drumm was able to create a spell that allowed him to enter the Hulk's mind once his teammates had worn him down. The Hand's mystical forces appeared to Drumm in astral form while in Banner's mind and offered to restore his brother to him if he would let them keep Banner, but Drumm declared that he would choose his 'brother' in the form of his friend Bruce, informing the Hand that Daniel had made his choice, purging the Hulk of the Hand's influence and allowing Banner to die again[31].


New Avengers Vol 1 54 page 03-04 Textless

True Magic

Voodoo: Brother Voodoo is a master of Voodoo Magic. As a Houngan, he uses it as a form of order or white magic. [32]

  • Pyrokinesis: He can become immune to fire by entering a trance. While entranced his body will not burn and he will not feel the heat. Jericho can control fire and his skin becomes impervious to burning.[32]
  • Smoke Manipulation: Brother Voodoo is able to create a form of smoke or vapors that conceal his location. This smoke is accompanied by the sound of voodoo drums. The constant beat of the drums can disorient or unnerve an opponent. He can see through the smoke he forms, and possibly through other smoke created by magical means.[33]
  • Hypnosis: Brother Voodoo has a form of hypnotism. It is not very effective on humans; the more intelligent a being is the more strongly they can resist his control. However, it does work well on animals. It can also be used on plants and vegetation, but their lack of mobility makes their usefulness limited. The subject must be alive, and he can only concentrate on one being at a time.[33]
  • Spirit Possession: Jericho can call upon Daniel Drumm's spirit. Daniel can either enter Jericho's body to augment him physically, or he can be used to possess another being. The person becomes a virtual slave as long as he or she is alive or does not already have another foreign spirit within their body. When Daniel's spirit leaves the body, the person affected generally feels nauseous.[32]
  • Speaker to the Gods or Loa: Jericho can speak to the Loas.[33]
  • Magic Immunity: Jericho is immune to harmful magic.[33]
  • Magic Manipulation: Jericho can manipulate magical entities.[33]
  • Teleportation: Jericho can use the Evanodor Compatriot Boost Spell to transport him to other dimension.[33]
  • Flight: Jericho can use the Cloak of Levitation to fly at a constant speed.[33]
  • Element and Magical Manipulation: Jericho can manipulate magical and mystical forces, elemental forces at his will. He can also summon mystical creatures to counter-attack magical attacks.[33]


Psychologist: Jericho gained a degree in psychology in the United States of America.[34]

Multilingual: Jericho is fluent in both English and French along with his native French Créole.[34]

Strength level

Normally 250 lbs. When merged with Daniel he can lift 500 lbs. His possession of the Eye of Agamotto would seem to indicate his purity of heart.[33]


As a mystic, Drumm has been limited to the disciplines of voodoo magic, not the wider world of magic.[33]


  • Staff of Legba
  • Brother Voodoo utilizes a medallion to assist him in harnessing the "Loa." and also employs a host of voodoo paraphernalia such as voodoo dolls.[32]
  • As Sorcerer Supreme he had access to the Eye of Agamotto, which can project mystical light for a variety of effects, fly, give its user certain mystical perceptions into another's soul, open dimensional portals, and cast a hypnotic gaze, as well as the Cloak of Levitation, allowing him to fly at 25 miles an hour for indeterminate lengths. Additionally pieces of Strange's former costume, such as his enchanted sash capable of extending in length, plus the Orb of Agamotto, and books of knowledge, such as the Book of the Vishanti, were all at Brother Voodoo's disposal to help him train for his future quests. Drumm also had the right to claim the Wand of Watoomb, according to Doctor Strange, but at the time it was lost in another reality.[33]


Flight through the Cloak of Levitation, teleportation.[33]

  • Interestingly, Jericho Drumm was shown in the Marvel Tarot as "The Hanged Man."

Discover and Discuss


  1. 1.0 1.1 Strange Tales #169
  2. Doctor Voodoo: Avenger of the Supernatural #1
  3. New Avengers #54
  4. Doctor Voodoo: The Origin of Jericho Drumm #1
  5. Strange Tales #169-170
  6. Strange Tales #171
  7. Strange Tales #172-173
  8. Tales of the Zombie #6
  9. Tales of the Zombie #10
  10. Werewolf by Night #38
  11. Werewolf by Night #40-41
  12. Marvel Two-In-One #41
  13. Doctor Strange Vol 2 #48
  14. Moon Knight #21
  15. Marc Spector: Moon Knight #6
  16. Marc Spector: Moon Knight #7
  17. Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme #16-17
  18. Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme #18
  19. Nick Fury's Howling Commandos #2-6
  20. New Avengers #29-30
  21. Civil War Battle Damage Report #1
  22. Black Panther Vol 4 #12-13
  23. New Avengers #53-60
  24. New Avengers Vol 2 #1-5
  25. New Avengers Vol 2 #6
  26. Avengers & X-Men: AXIS #6
  27. Avengers & X-Men: AXIS #8
  28. Avengers & X-Men: AXIS #9
  29. Uncanny Avengers Vol 3 #14
  30. Uncanny Avengers Vol 3 #15
  31. Uncanny Avengers Vol 3 #17
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 4 #18
  33. 33.00 33.01 33.02 33.03 33.04 33.05 33.06 33.07 33.08 33.09 33.10 33.11 Heroic Age: Heroes #1
  34. 34.0 34.1 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #2
  35. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #2
  36. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z hardcover Vol. 2

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