During the Great Cataclysm, in Lemuria, a man called Tarim rose and led his tribe to flee aboard ships westward,[1] on the eastern coast of the Thurian continent[2] (later known as the eastern shore of the Vilayet),[1] but were enslaved for thousands of years by the ancient race that dwelt there.

The enslaved Lemurians eventually rose and destroyed their masters and became savages stalking the ruins of their masters' strange civilization (the survivors of that civilization went to the west to overthrow the pre-humans of the south and found Stygia).[2]

The formerly enslaved Lemurians evolved a strange semi-civilization built on the wreckage of their masters', and eventually rose as the Hyrkanians.[3]

Another account stated that the Hyrkanians descended from people living in steppes of Zarfhaana.[4] It is unknown if that involved Zarfhaanans, or Lemurians, usually mentioned as the Hyrkanians' ancestors, and known to be part of the barbaric nations found in the Thurian civilization, as mercenaries, generas, statesmen and even kings.[5]


Hyrkania is a land unified by a common language and divided by cultural differences. The vast area of the Hyrkanians includes prairies, forests, tundra, and the steppes.

The Hyrkanians of the steppes are a culture of horse-riding, nomadic warriors. Divided into various tribal clans and led by individual khans (leaders), their warfare consists of recurring raids and relies on skilled used of barbed arrows.

Other Hyrkanians have settled down and established their own city-states, and ports. Cities such as Makkalet are "oases of civilization" in an otherwise barbaric region. However, at the time of Conan, these cities were the targets of an empire expanding itself to all directions: Turan.

The major deities of the area are Erlik and Tarim. They are worshipped by both nomads and citu-dwellers.[6]

Once the War of Tarim was over, Conan left the city and south of the Zaporoska River, where the Hyrkanian plains run to dune and desert, came across a woman being attacked by Turghol, a burly desert man. Conan leapt to her rescue, but the battle was interrupted by Prince Yezdigerd's men. Conan grabbed the girl and escaped on his horse, with the desert man riding behind him. They came across a fortress in the desert, and a gate opened to let them in, slamming shut on the Turanian riders. The next day, Conan made his escape outside the fortress with the mute Turghol, who eventually managed to snatch the Blood of King Bel-Hissar ruby for himself. Conan contemplated fighting Turghol for the ruby, but decided it was not worth the trouble and took his leave.[7]


The Hyrkanian language include demi-vowels.[8]

Points of Interest

See Also

Links and References


  1. 1.0 1.1 Conan the Barbarian #19
  2. 2.0 2.1 Savage Sword of Conan #8; The Hyborian Age Chapter 2: The Rise of the Hyborians
  3. Savage Sword of Conan #12; The Hyborian Age Chapter 3: The Hyborian Kingdoms
  4. Savage Sword of Conan #37; Sons of the White Wolf
  5. Savage Sword of Conan #7; The Hyborian Age Chapter 1: The Pre-Cataclysmic Age
  6. Handbook of the Conan Universe #1
  7. Conan the Barbarian #27
  8. Conan the Barbarian #24