For more information, please consult the history sections of those species' pages, or the dedicated pages:
Humanity is the result of countless variation of earlier forms of beings and external influences.
Early forms of life
4 billion years ago, the formation of "building block of life" ("raw material" for cellular life, the evolution of DNA and the formation of the first cells were possibly provided by ancient viruses) from waters stirred by volcanic heat and lightning's pulse led to the primordial cell, who divided in two cells, one of them (That Which Endures) modifying his genetic pattern and both reassembling, before splintering again and spreading that change into all descendant of that first organism.
Allegedly four billion years ago, the "founding fathers" of what is known as the Hand started their activist, worshiping the Beast, killing. Under various forms, they carried on their mission: "Dishonor God by destroying what he's made".
Three billion years ago, the Harvesters (beings seeding world for later energy harvesting of the livestock) found Earth, a "volcanic soup without atmosphere, its continents still cooling and unrecognizable", with no atmospheric oxygen, still trapped in the oceans. Using meteors, they rained parasites to merge with the cells, forming new organisms. Most died but others managed to spawn generations of hosts infected, finally merging together into a single creature. Those parasites eventually became Mitochondria, the "energy factory in all animal cells". Those developed, perfected into more and more complex forms, integrating within all life.
That Which Endures (TWE) manifested its intellect in random creatures every 100,000 years, transferring itself from species to species in order to remain in the fittest host-species.
During the first manifestation of life on Earth, the sibling sentient bacteria Sublime and Arkea arose and fought for dominance a billion years ago, the war ending with Arkea's defeated and exiled from the planet, and Sublime was free to infect and control the then rising multi-cellular organisms.
Aquatic life and plants
Million of years later,500 million years ago, diversity of life began to manifest itself, with fish. Those new forms of organic life were watched over by Gaea who became life's protectress. Among them, Pikaia, who would eventually led to "a bi-pedal beast".
Dinosaurs and mammals
The first mammals appeared during the Dinosaurs' dominance, and originated of reptilians. It was speculated that the Celestials may be the cause of the widespread of mammalians in the evolution of life on many quadrants of the cosmos.
Eventually, during the late Cretaceous, Gaea (feeling that they prevented mammals from reaching their potential) and Which That Endures both decided to let the Dinosaurs fade in profit for those mammals. Set refused that, and sent his Dinosaurs to try to eradicate the mammals, but was countered by Atum. The battle lasted for millenniums. The Dinosaurs were killed by the ensuing cataclysmic gods war who lasted for millions of years. Geological upheavals, climatic changes, the equivalent of a nuclear winter, light from the sky were caused directly by that battle among other causes, including a meteor. A Primal Scream caused by a Cosmic Being who got "his knickers in a twist" was also a cause of the Dinosaurs' death. It is also told that the forging of Mjolnir was the cause of meteor causing the dinosaurs death and making room for other species (presumably in another Ragnarök era)
A drought started 14 million years ago.
Six million years ago, the Xorrians allegedly spawned humankind (along with all humanoid life-forms, such as Kree and Skrulls) from their own DNA. There is no evidence of this tampering and no known connection to the Celestials.
Many hominid species existed on Earth before the age of man.
The drought ended around 3 millions years ago.
2,7 million years ago, early hominids were tracked and slaughtered by wolves-like beasts. Witnessed by time-travelling Eternals (Gods in the natives' eyes) ensuring the Celestial Plan and opposing the Deviant threat. They were to be left for their fate, but that was without the secret help of Phastos who decided to heal them and provided them the means to protect the emergent species and evolution itself, making of them the Evolutionaries.
Australopithecus sediba appeared at some point.
In Africa, the "first men" (seemingly twins) were delivered by the last Australopithecus sedibas, 2,5 million year ago. Those ape-men were fighting over the fate of the two babies, just before they were all exterminated by the Evolutionaries.
Humans started to walk upright about 2 million years, at which time they fell under the Fates' jurisdiction, allegedly denying them control over their destinies and biding to fate. Around that time, humanity's intelligence and awareness began to fully exist.
Shuma-Gorath ruled over Earth and feasted on the early humans, until the time-travelling godlike entity Sise-Neg banished it, and offered two pre-human survivor a paradise-like haven. It is unclear if those pre-humans belonged to Homo erectus or to an earlier human species.
One million years ago, "The "evolutionary borderline between apes and humans" existed. under the form of Homo erectus. The two pre-human spawned a tribe over the centuries, the Wanderers, that had their leader and its mate to return each year (in the course of the tribe's migration) to the Garden.
First Host, Deviants, Eternals and origin of the Mutants
One year, they encountered the Tribe of Set, who offered the two to join them, by killing their own tribe and helping Set's followers to approach the Celestials. The ape-men then recognized what Evil was and rejected it, revealing the Tribe of Set as the Serpent-Men. The Wanderers tribe drove them out the Garden, the end of the battle witnessing the arrival of the Celestials, ten of them, as part of the First Host, under the kind surveillance of Gaea.
Gaea encouraged the Wanderers to go towards the Space Gods, and Gammenon the Gatherer collected Man-Ape of the Wanderers whom he send to Ziran the Tester who mutated them to have an unstable genome, creating the Deviants (Homo descendus), a race with various mutations, who were then released and went hiding in the caves.With other subjects, Nezarr the Calculator then created the Eternals (Homo immortalis), hairless, upright tall beings able to tap into the cosmic power. They were themselves released, flying out of the Celestials' laboratory-ship. Finally, Oneg the Prober created a latent gene (or "latent genes", "mutant genes") for the expansion of human potential. The Serpent-Men tried to usurp the Wanderers' place but were drove out by Arishem the Judge.
After weeks of experiments, the last subjects of Oneg were released and the Celestials left the planet.
Around 750,000 years ago, in the city of Titanos, the first-generation Eternals went in civil war, the side of Ouranos wanting to dominate the planet, while the followers of his brother Kronos were opposed to such actions. Kronos and Oceanus prevailed and Ouranos and his followers were banished, while Kronos banished the ways of war.
Still around 750,000 years ago, the two dozens exiles landed on Uranus, conquering the Kree outpost there. As Ouranos built a spaceship to return to Earth, Astron refused his ways and, along three sympathizers, remained on Uranus and created their own colony.
The spaceship was destroyed by a Kree fleet investigating the invasion of their outpost, leaving seven Eternals alive. Those decided to abandon their revenge plans and created the colony of Titan, who was established at Uranos' death.
Meanwhile, the surviving Eternals on Uranus who were undiscovered by the Kree encountered the native Uranians. Recognizing them as exiles, the Uranians allowed the remaining Eternals to live out their exile at the Kree outpost on Uranus under the condition that if they ever left their enclosed environment they would face destruction.
Circa 50,000 B.C., a mosaic of humanities existed: The technologically advanced human civilization of Attilan, "the Island of Gods", existed side by side with the kindgom of Atlantis (worshipers of Jupiter), humans "Cro-magnon" (including Tanir), the city of Crete and pre-human savages such as the Shaggy Ones (such as Ak), the Goreks, the Hairy Ones, Bonzo's tribe...
Titan civil war
At some point, the descendants of the original settlers of Titan fell to the same warlike tendencies that those of Uranos, and possibly by the secret incitation from the Dragon of the Moon, and the colony of Titan was ravaged by yet a new civil war, causing the death of all, save for the third-generation Titanian Eternal Sui-San, who lived in isolation.
Around 30.000 years ago, the Neanderthals lived surrounded by saber-tooth tigers and mammoths, used fire and weapons, and produced art rock and cave paintings. Those humans lived in caves instead of trees like their ancestors.
Developing the back of their brains, they were allegedly the first to feel things, care about others, raise their young, bury their dead, anger or love.
Nearly 25.000 or 20.000 years ago, the Kree came back to Earth and experimented on their own on Neanderthals or Homo sapiens, hoping to end the genetic stagnation afflicting them, and also trying to create weapons in their war against the Skrulls: The Inhumans (Inhomo supremis or Homo sapiens inhumanus).
The Inhumans wandered in Europe before settling on a tiny island in the Northern Atlantic Ocean, named Attilan. There they quickly developed technology and culture. Mastering genetics, they instated a genocracy upon Attilan.
Homo sapiens rise
Eventually (or possibly along with Neanderthals), Homo sapiens (or Homo sapiens sapiens), allegedly smarter (having developed the front of their brains which gaves them abstract thought), faster and more aggressive, wiped out Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, as That Which Endures left them Neanderthal to Cro-Magnon. The hypothesis of the Neanderthal's massacre remains controversial.
The emerging human race was preyed upon by Serpent-Men and other new demonic races, until humanity grew strong and forced Set's minions to retreat.
In the centuries that followed the Kree experiment, the humans left the caves, and some of them were confronted to the Inhumans, their technological advance and their city of Attilan, considering them as demons.
The Deviants then turned their heads to Atlantis, the last significant human kingdom resisting them. From there, they sent human armies assault the Atlanteans led by King Kamuu. Atlantis' defenses caused seismic disturbances under their city.
[Datation controversial] Death of Kronos
Circa 3000 BC/ 5000 years ago, Kronos killed himself while imbuing his kind with immortality while experimenting. The Eternals then discovered their ability to create the Uni-Mind by merging themselves into one entity, whom they used to determine that Zuras would be the Eternals' leader, while A'Lars departed to avoid dissension in his kind, exiling himself voluntary.
Circa 18,000 B.C., the Celestials came to Earth as the Second Host, over Lemuria. Attacked by the Deviants led by Deviant Emperor Phraug using the Serpent Crown, and witnessing a world fallen into chaos, they delivered their judgment.
This event has been referred to as the Great Fall or Great Cataclysm, and eventually the emergence of the water-breathing Atlanteans and Lemurians as a distinct species: Homo mermanus or Homo mermani.
Somehow, Attilan protected itself from the cataclysm.
Seeking to create new slaves, the Deviants now in their underground habitats, genetically experimented on the their few left human slaves, creating new lifeforms after centuries of experiments: The Gortokians Gor-Tok and Thera, followed by others. The Gortokians eventually revolted against the Deviants' rule. A faction of them formed a cult to the demon Cha'sa'dra and were turned into the Lava Men who went on forming their own society. Others, captives of the Deviants, were experimented on by them, leading to at least two other races later known as the Moloids and the Tyrannoids.
The Deviant priesthood then instated the ritual of "Purity Time", in order to stockpile an army of Deviants in suspended animation, dubbed the "Fifth Host", clear the gene pool from undesirable mutations and restart the population growth, the Deviants having become too disgusted with their bodies to reproduce.
For a complete description of the evolution of the mutants and their population, please refer to this article.
The earlier recorded mutant (Homo superior or Homo sapiens superior), Selene, was born 17.000 years ago in Central Europe, "after the Oceans swallowed Atlantis" and "before the rise of the sons of Aryas".
Biblical Times: Neyaphem & Cheyarafim
At least 15.000 years ago, in the "Biblical times", the mutants Neyaphem already built up a civilization and enslaved humans.  Their leader Azazel claimed he ruled Earth, before the Cheyarafim, banished them to another dimension.
Terrigenesis & Inhuman Schism
In human pre-history, 13.000 years ago, when Randac found the Terrigen Mists, the Terrigenesis concept provoked a schism in the Inhuman population, and many of them quited Attilan to blend with the humans.
Randac was elected upon his genetic superiority and created a Terrigenesis program opened to everyone wishing to undergo the process. That program was stopped as half of the subjects developed non-human mutations, causing severe damage to the Inhuman gene pool. The program was then restricted. The Inhumans became known as such after that use of Terrigen on the population.
Centuries later, Inhuman leader Gral, in order to end the discrimination towards the non-human-looking minority, forced all Attilan population to undergo Terrigenesis, turning three quarters of the populations into non-humanoids types, leading to more damage to the genetics of the species and segregation by phenotypes. Gral was deposed by Auron preached acceptance of the diversity.
Hyborian Age, Atlantean settlement & Neolitic Revolution
According to the Atlantean religion, it was Neptune who created the Homo mermani approximately 10,000 years ago (and 10,000 years before our days), after Atlantis sunk. They settled in the ruins of the Ancient Atlanteans' ruins.
Still considered in the Stone Age, the neolithic revolution and the domestication of animals by humans occurred around 9,000 B.C.. It was also known as the Era of Crua. Allegedly, a period where the first cities were built (although it is known that many had been built before), existing along with the existence of sanctuary caves.
Olympians on Earth
At the end of the Hyborian age, the Olympian gods sought worshipers. While Neptune became the patron god of the Atlanteans, Zeus lay Mount Olympus near the Eternals' city of Olympia, deciding that the Olympians would be worhsipped by the people of the land now known as Greece.
Meeting with the Eternals, they noticed the physical resemblance of Zuras with Zeus and of Athena with Azura, they decided to form a pact that the Eternals would act as the gods' representatives on Earth (and Azura became Thena to seal the pact). Many humans came to think over the years that the Eternals were actually the gods, causing a war between the two groups.
End of Egypt Second dynasty
In 2620 B.C., a Brood invasion occurred in Egypt. Pharaoh Khasekhemwy Khasekhemui, ruler of upper and lower kingdoms of Egypt was turned into a brood, ending the Second Great Dynasty. The invasion was thwarted by Imhotep, En Sabah Nur and the Knight of Khonshu.
Birth of the Brotherhood of the Shield
A'Lars reached the city. Mating with Sui-San and using genetic engineering and cloning, repopulated the colony with the race of the Titanian Eternals, possessing abilities similar to the Eternals of Earth, yet inferior.
Bird People Secession
2,500 years ago, by 500 B.C., after years of peace and acceptance of the Inhuman diversity, the arrogant Bird People (Winged Inhumans) had King Nestor built a sky-city, the Aerie, above Attilan and linked with a pylon, for them. No matter what, the antagonism kept growing between the two communities and eventually leading to the declaration of secession from the Sky-city led by Kylus, who also slaughtered all of the non-white-feathered Inhumans from the Aerie, including the anti-secession bat-winged Cheiros.
Nestor acknowledged the secession and had the pylon removed for the Aerie to fly free. Starving to death, the Winged Inhumans were dying from starvation, forced to attack humans for sustenance (mistaken for Harpies), and eventually developed their society in a more durable way, while Kylus became a wiser King.
Alexander the Great
In 330 B.C., Alexander of Macedon's Macedonian invasion arrived in Egypt, where he timely helped the Egyptians to crush the Persian own invasion. The Egyptians accepted the help gladly, save for Apocalypse who acknowledged the Greeks and the Persians as same conquerors, and slew many Egyptians for their weakness.
That year, Brotherhood of the Shield master Zhang Heng met with the Celestial Madonna. Pregnant, the Madonna proposed to use as her source of nourishment Earth (meaning immediate extinction) or the Moon (apocalyptic chaos ensuing). Zhang Heng proposed the Sun, thus saving Earth.
Around 500 AD, the humans mostly stopped worshiping the Olympians and christianity replaced the ancient faith. The Olympians who no longer seeked worshipers on Earth, except for Neptune, who remained the patron god of the Atlanteans, and Zeus decided to sever most of their ties with Earth.
Mayas, Inca and Aztecs Empires
1000 years ago, Virako and other Polar Eternals came to South America, bringing civilization to its inhabitants, posing as gods to the ancestors of the Aztec, Incas and Mayas. Virako assumed the roles of Quetzalcoatl and Kukulcan, while his fellows remained on each empire to watch over them and push them forwards to progress.
Before the Eternals could help them, the Incas had already began the construction of great temples in the form of pyramids.
Third Host and Deviant-Eternal Truce
The humans were then the dominant species on Earth and some worshiped them as the Space Gods, building temples and statues in their honors. At this time, the Celestials forced Earth's pantheons to not interfere in their affairs.
Roman Catholicism expansion
For centuries, the Eternals blended into the human cities, living among them.
A Primal Scream caused by a Cosmic Being annihilating half of Europe's population in the guise of the Black Plague. In Crimea, the Proto-Mutants, the offshoot of humanity in which the X-Gene first evolved were massacred by superstitious baseline humans, due to the Proto-Mutants having a resistance to the black plague.
First Galactus coming
In 1582 A.D., Galactus and his herald came to Earth, and were repelled by Brotherhood of the Shield master Galileo (by creating a new Earth for Galactus to eat, at the cost of the two thirds of the Brotherhood). The event was erased from history by the Brotherhood and Pope Gregorio XIII.
Sky-City's destruction & Attilan relocation
In the early part of the the 20th century, the winged Inhumans colony in the sky-city was inadventantly destroyed by a human.
Inhuman King Black Bolt was worried his city Attilan would be discovered by the Humans, he encountered the Eternal Ikaris and was introduced to Zuras. The Eternals went to the Himalayas, away from the humans' sight, and created the foundation for a city. In order to preserve his city, Black Bolt had it transformed to be mobile, despite oppositions. The flying city then elevated and displaced itself towards the Himalayas, escorted by Black Bolt and the Eternals, witnessed in its course by a few humans.
After man developed nuclear power, Odysseus Indigo split from the Deviant Empire and formed a group with other Deviants, rogue Eternals and a few humans, with the purpose of creating and controlling the next dominant species: the Damocles Foundation.
End of the Eternal Uranians
In the 1950's the Uranian Eternals sent Marvel Boy to Earth as their ambassador. In 1959, he intended to open an embassy, prompting the native Uranians to orchestrate the Eternals' deaths, believed to be caused by a natural disaster.
In 1976, the Fourth Host cam, led by the One Above All. The Celestials came back to Earth. Gammenon the Gatherer captured a few humans and took them to the temples built thousand years ago by the Incas, the City of the Space Gods, for Jemiah the Analyzer to study them. Meanwhile, Arishem the Judge stood, waiting to render his fifty-year judgment on Earth's fate in 2026.
Around that time, both Deviants and Eternals presented themselves to humanity.
To respond to the situation, Zuras formed a Uni-Mind. For the first time, two humans were also able to merge with the whole Eternal people, attracting the attention of Arishem. A second Uni-Mind was created to communicate with the Eternals, but was thwarted by the attack on Olympia of Odin along with Zeus and his Olympians.
The Eternals later formed a third Uni-Mind and assisted Odin in his Destroyer Armor, refusing to let the Celestials judge Earth. The battle was won by the Celestials, but stopped by the timely arrival of Gaea, who presented to them the Young Gods and made Arishem render a positive verdict of Earth.
Human Extinction Gene
In 2001, it was discovered that the Extinction Gene (a gene turning on when an "entire species is about to be turned off by Mother Nature") present among the human genome was slowly pushing them towards extinction, and that humans would be extinct within three, maybe four generations, and mutants (or something even stranger) would replace them.
Within few years, mutantkind was decimated, securing humankind future.
Genosha Sentinel Massacre
Wild Sentinels sent by Cassandra Nova killed almost all Genoshans, more than 16 millions. It was stated that more than half of the world known mutant population died during the Sentinels attack.
M-Day and Decimation
In the middle of the 2000's, due to the reality manipulations of the Scarlet Witch, the Witch cast another spell, "No More Mutants", depleting the mutant population. Along with the loss of the X-Gene to most mutants, the birthrate flatlined as well.
That phenomenon (both depoweration and flatlined birthrate) affected the Neo. One year after the M-Day, the Neo of the Guardian Clan came to Utopia to find answers for their own Decimation, and all of their kind were seemingly slaughtered across the world by the Evolutionaries.
Inhumanity & Terrigen Plague
Humanities and crossbreeding
For Steve Rogers, Atlanteans, Inhumans (including the Bird People), are "subspecies", while mutants are somehow separate (with an interrogation mark for Homo Killcrop), and Titan Eternals are "extraterrestrials" instead of "sub-species".
Some of those human species have been proved to be able to interbreed, although those crossing have sometimes complications and specific features. Please find here the articles dedicated, regarding the species:
- Homo sapiens
- Homo superior
- Homo mermanus
- Homo sapiens can breed with Eternals (proven by the fact that a "regular human" woman could act as surrogate mother for the children of Thena, the Eternal) – however, there is as yet no known example of an Eternal and a human mate together producing a child with Eternal superhuman traits
- Deviants can breed with Inhuman (shown by Maelstrom, an Inhuman/Deviant hybrid) – however, there is only one recorded result, and so it is not certain if the great power level demonstrated is standard for these crossbreeds
- Eternals can breed with Deviants (shown by Dark Angel, the twin children born to Thena the Eternal, and Kro the Deviant). The offspring are registered as Deviants, although it is unknown if this is a standard result.
Powers and Abilities
Varies from a species or subspecies to another: mutants can be born with powers varying from the trivial to the god-like, Deviants have sometimes powers, Eternals are all vastly powered... "Normal" humans can be altered by outside agents and turned into mutates, granting them superpowers. Lastly all humans have the potential to learn the mystic arts and gain magic powers in the process.
Abilities varies from individual from individual, including intelligence, knowledge, physical training musculature and various abilities.
Average Strength level
Gravity: 9.80665 m/s
Atmosphere: 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 0.93% argon, 0.04% carbon dioxide, remaining percentage other gases
Population: 7 billion
Type of Government: Multiple: Communists, Free Countries, Dictatorships
Level of Technology: Depends on societies
- Many beings, devices or concepts have taken roles of evolutionary caretakers or manipulators and may contradict themselves, some of them more controversially than others.
- Similarly, the origins/genesis story cross and possibly contradict themselves, due to time travels, telling distortion of stories, gods or god-like beings interventions...
- Other inconsistencies remains in the datation of events.
- It was stated by the Stranger that he had been manipulating the evolution of the mutants of Earth (or more generally "Earth's genetic evolution"), for decades, as humans are allegedly meant to become the sole survivor of this universe, wishing to speed up their evolution in order to usurp that role. That statement is controversial considering he also claimed to have visited Earth only recently, a few years ago.
- On some occasions, "human" is used in place for humanoid or to refer to humanoid species.
- According to the Collector, humanity is the most adaptable and surprising races he encountered.
- The Tiger God of the White Tiger amulet was allegedly the first thing humans feared.
- A Primal Scream caused by a Cosmic Being made humanity afraid of darkness.
- Discuss Humans on the forums
- Appearances of Humans
- Minor Appearances of Humans
- Media Humans was Mentioned in
- Race Gallery: Humans
- Images of Humans
Links and References
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #3; Deviants' entry
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Dark Avengers #176
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 X-Men: Giant-Size #1
- ↑ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 Avengers West Coast Vol 2 #49
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Amazing Adventures #5
- ↑ Marvel Zombies Handbook #1; Zarathos' entry
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Heroes for Hire Vol 2 #10
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Avengers #339
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Original Sin #5.3
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 X-Men Vol 3 #15
- ↑ All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #11; That Which Endures's entry
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 Avengers West Coast #48
- ↑ Mockingbird #5
- ↑ Wolverine Vol 3 #29
- ↑ X-Man #75
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #11
- ↑ X-Men Vol 4 #1
- ↑ Silver Surfer Annual #2
- ↑ The Adventures of the X-Men #12
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 20.7 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 Iron Man Annual #10
- ↑ X-Force #97; Deviants are devolved by a Celestial Gatherer into reptiles
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 Silver Surfer Vol 3 #12
- ↑ 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 24.5 Marvel Zombies Handbook #1; Set's entry
- ↑ Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Heliopolitans' entry
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5 Silver Surfer Vol 3 #28
- ↑ 27.0 27.1 27.2 Captain Marvel Vol 5 #5
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 Thor Vol 2 #80
- ↑ 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 2001: A Space Odyssey #1
- ↑ Thor #215
- ↑ Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #12
- ↑ Christopher Yost's answer about the anachronism of the presence of the Eternals Makkari, Thena, Ikaris, Sersi, Phastos, Zuras 2,5 million year ago in X-Men Vol 3 #12
- ↑ X-Men Vol 3 #12
- ↑ Heroes for Hope Starring the X-Men #1
- ↑ Tales to Astonish #33
- ↑ Avengers: The Initiative Featuring Reptil #1
- ↑ Marvel Premiere #14
- ↑ 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 38.4 38.5 38.6 38.7 38.8 38.9 Uncanny X-Men Annual #1989
- ↑ 39.0 39.1 Marvel Fact Files #8
- ↑ 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 40.4 What If? #23
- ↑ 41.0 41.1 New Eternals: Apocalypse Now #1
- ↑ Thor Vol 2 #83
- ↑ 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 43.4 43.5 Thor Annual #7
- ↑ 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 What If? #24
- ↑ 45.0 45.1 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z Update #2; Kronos' entry
- ↑ Annihilation: The Nova Corps Files #1; Titanians' entry
- ↑ 47.0 47.1 47.2 47.3 47.4 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #11; Titan' entry
- ↑ Captain Marvel #29
- ↑ 49.0 49.1 Avengers Assemble #1; ISAAC's entry
- ↑ What If? #26
- ↑ 51.0 51.1 What If? #27
- ↑ 52.0 52.1 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #12Uranians' Appendix entry
- ↑ 53.0 53.1 What If? #28
- ↑ 54.0 54.1 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z Update #2; Dragon of the Moon's entry
- ↑ What If #28
- ↑ Agents of Atlas #3
- ↑ Fantastic Four #577
- ↑ Punisher Vol 4 #2
- ↑ Marvel Zombies Handbook #1; Voyager's entry
- ↑ 60.0 60.1 Rick Remender's statement on Twitter
- ↑ 61.0 61.1 Tales of Suspense #40
- ↑ 62.0 62.1 62.2 62.3 62.4 62.5 62.6 62.7 Inhumanity #1
- ↑ 63.0 63.1 63.2 63.3 63.4 63.5 63.6 63.7 New X-Men #114
- ↑ 64.0 64.1 64.2 64.3 64.4 Captain America Comics #1
- ↑ Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #14
- ↑ Captain America Comics #3
- ↑ 67.0 67.1 Captain America Comics #2
- ↑ Captain America Comics #5
- ↑ 69.0 69.1 Cable #96
- ↑ Inhuman #10
- ↑ Uncanny X-Force #15
- ↑ Uncanny Avengers #14
- ↑ 73.0 73.1 73.2 Uncanny Inhumans #1
- ↑ Squadron Supreme Vol 4 #8
- ↑ Karnak #1
- ↑ 76.0 76.1 76.2 76.3 76.4 76.5 76.6 76.7 76.8 76.9 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #5; Inhumans' entry
- ↑ Excalibur Vol 3 #9
- ↑ Marvel Zombies Handbook #1
- ↑ Thor #146
- ↑ Thor #147
- ↑ Silver Surfer Vol 3 #51
- ↑ 82.0 82.1 82.2 82.3 82.4 82.5 82.6 Amazing Spider-Man Annual #23
- ↑ Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 4 #18
- ↑ 84.0 84.1 Marvel Zombies Handbook #1; Vampires' entry
- ↑ 85.0 85.1 85.2 Eternals Vol 3 #1
- ↑ What If? #25
- ↑ 87.0 87.1 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #4; Eternals' entry
- ↑ All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update #3
- ↑ 89.0 89.1 X-Men: Phoenix Force Handbook #1Grotesk's entry
- ↑ Fantastic Four #576
- ↑ Marvel Comics #1
- ↑ 92.0 92.1 Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1; Neptune's entry
- ↑ 93.0 93.1 93.2 93.3 Marvel Encyclopedia #1; 2009 edition; Atlanteans' entry
- ↑ Tales of Suspense #43
- ↑ Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #11; Subterraneans' entry
- ↑ Marvel Zombies Handbook #1; Werewolves' entry
- ↑ New X-Men #124
- ↑ X-Men Forever #1
- ↑ X-Necrosha #1
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #429
- ↑ Marvel Encyclopedia #1; 2009 edition; Azazel' entry
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #433
- ↑ Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Master Edition #11; Power Princess' entry
- ↑ Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 4 #14; Inhumans' entry
- ↑ Marvel Zombies Handbook #1; Seth's entry
- ↑ 106.0 106.1 Hercules Vol 4 #1
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #422
- ↑ 108.0 108.1 Hercules Vol 4 #3
- ↑ 109.0 109.1 109.2 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #8
- ↑ 110.0 110.1 110.2 110.3 110.4 S.H.I.E.L.D. #1
- ↑ U.S.A. Comics #5
- ↑ Trojan War #1
- ↑ Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 2 #4; Eternals' entry
- ↑ 114.0 114.1 Thor Annual #12
- ↑ X-Men: The Search for Cyclops #1
- ↑ S.H.I.E.L.D.: Infinity #1
- ↑ S.H.I.E.L.D. Vol 2 #1; Zhang Heng's entry
- ↑ 118.0 118.1 S.H.I.E.L.D. #4
- ↑ 119.0 119.1 Thor #284
- ↑ All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #2; Celestials' entry
- ↑ 121.0 121.1 X-Force #97
- ↑ Uncanny Avengers #6
- ↑ Eternals #11
- ↑ X-Men Vol 3 #32
- ↑ 125.0 125.1 S.H.I.E.L.D. #3
- ↑ S.H.I.E.L.D. Vol 2 #1
- ↑ Wolverine: Weapon X Files #1
- ↑ What If? #29
- ↑ What If? #30
- ↑ Heroic Age: Heroes #1; Marvel Boy's entry
- ↑ Thor #284; It is stated that the fifty-years judgment is to rendered in 2026
- ↑ 132.0 132.1 Eternals #10
- ↑ Thor #283
- ↑ Eternals #6
- ↑ Eternals #9
- ↑ Eternals #12
- ↑ Thor #291
- ↑ Thor #292
- ↑ Thor #300
- ↑ Eternals #17
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men Annual #1987
- ↑ 142.0 142.1 New X-Men #116
- ↑ X-Treme X-Men #37
- ↑ X-Treme X-Men Annual #2001
- ↑ X-Force Vol 3 #3
- ↑ Civil War Files #1; The 198's entry
- ↑ House of M #7
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #512
- ↑ X-Men Annual Vol 2 #2007
- ↑ Avengers Vol 6 #0
- ↑ Uncanny Avengers Vol 3 #1
- ↑ Extraordinary X-Men #1
- ↑ Heroic Age: Villains #1; Attuma's entry
- ↑ Heroic Age: Villains #1; Krang's entry
- ↑ Heroic Age: Villains #1; Unspoken's entry
- ↑ Heroic Age: Villains #1; Condor's entry
- ↑ Heroic Age: Villains #1; Daken's entry
- ↑ Heroic Age: Villains #1; Mister X's entry
- ↑ Heroic Age: Villains #1; Damien Tryp's entry
- ↑ Heroic Age: Villains #1; Thanos' entry
- ↑ Eternals Herod Factor #1
- ↑ 162.0 162.1 X-Men Forever #3-6
- ↑ Silver Surfer Vol 3 #11
- ↑ Silver Surfer Vol 3 #20
- ↑ Untold Legend of Captain Marvel #1
- ↑ New Avengers Vol 4 #5