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Arthur Parks (Earth-616)

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HelpLiving Laser
Arthur Parks (Earth-616) from Iron Man Vol 5 3
Information-silkReal Name Arthur Parks
Information-silkCurrent AliasLiving Laser
Information-silkAliasesThe Laser
Information-silkAffiliationFormerly MODOK's 11, Initiative (Hood's criminal army), Mandarin's Minions; Batroc's Brigade; Lethal Legion (Grim Reaper), Lethal Legion (Count Nefaria), Legion Accursed
Information-silkBase Of OperationsUnknown; formerly Mandarin City
Information-silkIdentityPublic Identity
Information-silkMarital StatusSingle
Information-silkEducationPh.D in Physics
Information-silkHeightVariable (currently); 5'11" (as human)
Information-silkWeightNegligible (currently); 185 lbs (as human)
Information-silkEyesVariable (currently); Blue (as human)
Information-silkHairVariable (currently); Brown (as human)
Information-silkUnusual FeaturesMade out of light.
Information-silkOriginScientist transformed into a being of pure energy.
Information-silkPlace of BirthNew Brunswick, New Jersey
Information-silkCreatorsStan Lee, Art Simek, Don Heck
First Appearance

Quote1 You've made a grave mistake, Iron Man, in thinking I'm an easy opponent. Quote2
-- Living Laser src

Early Years

Arthur Parks was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey. He fell in love with Lucy Barton until she left him to marry another man with greater wealth, causing him to lose his mind. Blinded by jealousy, he thought that to win a woman's heart he needed to have power, driving him to create his alter ego, the Living Laser.[1]

Living Laser

Living Laser 001

Living Laser

Parks then met and fell in love at first sight with the Wasp. He captured her and began a battle with the Avengers,[1] briefly collaborating with revolutionaries in Costa Verde and becoming the country's dictator for a few hours - until he lost the fight and was forcibly returned to the United States for custody and medical care.[2]

Mandarin's Minions

He did not lose his thirst for power. After he had served some time in prison in New York, The Mandarin helped him escape. He began his team-up with Mandarin's Minions in order to take revenge on the Avengers, but his efforts were foiled by Thor and Hawkeye. [3]

Batroc's Brigade

This failure led to Parks becoming a member of Batroc's Brigade, led by Batroc the Leaper.[4]

Lethal Legion

The Living Laser joined the Lethal Legion lead by Grim Reaper.[5] He also teamed up with rogue army general Jacob Pollock[6] and acquired the Serpent Crown. The Laser used light imagery to trick the Whizzer into attacking the Avengers and retrieved the zombie Wonder Man from Avengers Mansion. With the power of the Serpent Crown, the Laser reawakened Wonder Man's mind.[7] Wonder Man turned against the Living Laser, however, and the Vision stole the Serpent Crown from him, leading to his defeat.[8]

Lethal Legion

He joined the Lethal Legion. After finding out Count Nefaria had double-crossed him (Nefaria had offered him, Power-Man and the Whirlwind increased powers, but only wanted to copy their power templates).[9]

Energy Form

Arthur Parks (Earth-616)

A true "Living Laser"

His human form was eventually destroyed while battling Iron Man in the East German "Heaven's Hand" base, when their exchange destroyed the installation that was to relieve him of his excess energy.[10] Iron Man threw out the overloading Living Laser out of the base, to avoid the explosion destroying the base´s nuclear reactor. Parks exploded,[11]

He was recruited into Mephisto; Legion of the Accursed.[12]

Several months later, the Laser found himself on the streets of a city in California. His energy signal had been "collected" by a satellite, more-or-less as intended, after all; but this was causing malfunctions. Ironically, it was Tony Stark who repaired the satellite, releasing the pattern of energy which zoomed down to Earth and finally coalesced into a confused Arthur Parks, now entirely made up out of light, like a sentient hologram.[13]

Although Iron Man approached him peacefully, offering to try to help him, Parks panicked, then broke into fury; finally, Stark was forced to fight and restrain him, trapping his light form in a mirror-sphere.He was taken to the West Coast Avengers compound where Henry Pym was working to restore him to normal.[13]

The Living Laser subsequently escaped, and his increasing confidence and experience with his new found abilities made him a greater threat than ever before. He battled Quasar on the moon, but vanished through one of the Watcher's viewing portals, inadvertently passing into an alternate reality.[14][15] The Watcher eventually summoned Quasar back to the moon to retrieve the Living Laser from the parallel dimensions he was lost in.[16]

He sought out and fought Iron Man to a standstill, but only due to the mistaken belief that Iron Man had collapsed from injuries. In their second battle, with the help of Wonder Man and Henry Pym, Iron Man exploited one of the Living Laser's critical weaknesses to temporarily disperse the latter's energy-based body.[17][18][19][20][21]

Shot into Space

Upon reintegrating his energy form, Arthur Parks sought out Jim Rhodes, wanting revenge on Iron Man and Tony Stark; however, Rhodes told him Stark was dead (which he was, at the time) and that he had fired Iron Man.[22][23]The Laser was confused by these developments, and Rhodes managed to convince him to take an engineering job at the company instead.[24][25][26] But when Rhodes became convinced that the Living Laser was too dangerous, he engaged him in a specially equipped Iron Man armor, lured Parks into a Laser Focusing Chamber aimed at the Andromeda Galaxy, and then activated it, firing the screaming ray of light into space for a projected journey of two million years.[27]


But the Living Laser either returned to Earth, or (part of him) never left Earth (details are sketchy); in any case, he was sold as a computerized laser weapon system and bought as such by Tony Stark, who wanted to attempt to stabilize him mentally and restore his humanity. To this end, Dr. Maggie Dillon, a brilliant psychologist equipped by Stark with experimental technology, tried to contact the Laser, who had withdrawn deeply into himself.[28] She managed to coax him out, and he was actually responding to her therapy; but in the end he decided he no longer had any need or desire for a human life. During his escape, Dr. Dillon was killed; Iron Man finally apprehended him again, absorbing his energy in his armor, then downloading it into a containment facility. There are no further attempts planned to "treat" the Laser. [29]

Anthony Stark (Earth-616) vs. Arthur Parks (Earth-616) from Iron Man Vol 5 3 001

Hood's Gang

He became a member of the Hood's gang.[30] He sided with the heroes during the Secret Invasion and battled with the Skrull' s and had a number of encounters with various teams including the New Avengers.[31]

Long Way Down

Mandarin and Ezekiel Stane upgraded Parks with the condition to help them attack Iron Man. The Living Laser managed to break Stark's repulsor arc and caused him a cardiac arrest.[32] When Iron Man was captured by the Mandarin, he and fellow prisoner Ezekiel Stane convinced some supervillains to help them revel against the Mandarin, being the Living Laser one of them.[33]


When Iron Man was looking for the Extremis kits sold in that auction, Juan Valencia hired the criminals Living Laser, Vibro, and Firebrand to protect him in case Stark tried to get to the kit.When Iron Man arrived at his mansion and was barely slowed down by the hired thugs, he confronted Juan Carlos, who explained to him the situation, and that he only wanted his daughter's survival. Stark agreed to help him reconfigure the Extremis to guarantee Juliana's survival, in exchange Juan Carlos was imprisoned.[34]


  • Laser Mimicry & Projection: Currently, the Living Laser is a bodiless quantity of photons (particles of light) possessing human consciousness. He can exert mental control over the particles that comprise his form, determining their direction of travel and concentration. Through concentration, he achieves a critical density of photons, allowing him to laser. The maximum potency of this laser is not yet known, but it is known he can travel at the speed of light (186,274 miles per second). The full extent of his light-based powers has not yet been demonstrated, although he is believed to be able to maintain a holographic three-dimensional image of his physical self. It is possible that the Living Laser's body has not been totally destroyed, but was shunted permanently into the energy dimension from which Captain Marvel derives her powers, and replaced by an equivalent "quantity" of light. Possibly, the Living Laser can replenish the energy he expends by drawing new photons from this energy dimension. While in the form of a sentient light being, he can assume almost any identity by refracting light and creating holographic illusions. He can also concentrate his power as a single beam of light or he can become even deadlier by intensifying himself into laser beams.[36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43]
  • Laser Implants: He originally had implanted laser diodes into his skin with the help of fellow scientist Jonas Harrow and the funding of Count Nefaria (as well as a promise to have his power doubled).[36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43]


  • Arthur Parks was a gifted research scientist until he turned to villainy, and an expert in the design and construction of lasers. He began with wrist-mounted laser guns which were the smallest lasers ever made. [36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43]


Discover and Discuss


  1. 1.0 1.1 Avengers #34
  2. Avengers #35
  3. Avengers Annual #1
  4. Captain America #105
  5. Avengers #78-79
  6. Avengers #151
  7. Avengers #153
  8. Avengers Annual #6
  9. Avengers #164
  10. Iron Man #152
  11. Iron Man #153
  12. Secret Wars II #7
  13. 13.0 13.1 Iron Man #211
  14. Quasar #6
  15. What If? Vol 2 #9
  16. Quasar #30
  17. Iron Man #259
  18. Iron Man #260
  19. Iron Man #261
  20. Iron Man #262
  21. Iron Man #263
  22. Iron Man #264
  23. Iron Man #267
  24. Iron Man #286
  25. Iron Man #287
  26. Iron Man #288
  27. Iron Man #289
  28. Iron Man: Inevitable #4
  29. Iron Man: Inevitable #6
  30. New Avengers Annual #2
  31. New Avengers #46
  32. Invincible Iron Man #511
  33. Invincible Iron Man #525-527
  34. Iron Man Vol 5 #3
  35. All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update #1
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 Heroic Age: Villains #1
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 Marvel Avengers: The Ultimate Character Guide #1
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #6
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update #1
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Master Edition #21
  41. 41.0 41.1 41.2 41.3 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 2 #19
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 2 #7
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #6
  44. Marvel Triple Action #27
  45. Marvel Triple Action #26
  46. Marvel Super Action Vol 2 #7
  47. Essential Series #Captain America 2
  48. Thor Annual #14
  49. Avengers #160
  50. Captain America #112
  51. Iron Man Annual #7
  52. Alpha Flight #121
  53. War Machine #1
  54. Incredible Hulk #418
  55. Iron Man #319
  56. Code of Honor #3

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