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Abraham Erskine (Earth-616)

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Quote1 If we have erred, Rogers will be dead within seconds! For, he is drinking the strongest chemical potion ever created by man! But, if we succeed, he will be the first of an army of fighting men such as the world has never known! His reflexes, his physical condition, his courage, will be second to none! Quote2
-- Dr. Erskine src

Early Life

Dr. Abraham Erskine was a German Jewish[1] scientist from the 1940s who first developed the Super-Soldier Serum and Vita-Rays designed to create an army of enhanced human beings without physical defects or limitations for the American's war effort during World War II.[2]

Project Rebirth

Super-Soldier Serum

Erskine's process transformed Clinton McIntyre into Protocide but accidentally killed McIntyre. It later successfully transformed scrawny Steve Rogers into the muscular Captain America. After getting his process to be successful with Rogers' trial run, a Nazi agent named Heinz Kruger infiltrated the top-secret military base and assassinated Erskine at Rogers' transformation presentation.[2]


To date, nobody has been able to duplicate the Super Soldier Serum intact as successfully as Erskine was with Rogers but some have recreated powerful human transformation techniques similar to Erskine's, including his successor Wilfred Nagel and William Burnside, who became the Captain America of the 1950s.[3] Other experiments following Erskine's footsteps led to the creation of Luke Cage, the Sentry, and the Weapon Plus Program.

During his research, Erskine developed a special diet and isometric exercise regime that he theorized would create a super-soldier. However, the program was rejected by the US government because it required a lifetime of adherence in order to produce the desired results. The research was passed though Erskine's family and was used by his grandson as the basis for both a successful organic food business and the physical development of his own son Michael van Patrick. Micheal's peak human physiology proved the accuracy of Erskine's theories.[4]


No known paranormal powers


Various chemical operations.

  • Erskine is often confused with his successor Dr. Wilfred Nagel who inherited the "Project: Rebirth" program as they shared a close code name:
    • "Dr. Joseph Reinstein" was Erskine's codename.
    • "Dr. Josef Reinstein" was Dr. Wilfred Nagel's codename.

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