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Monica Rambeau (Earth-616)

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Monica Rambeau (Earth-616) Mighty-Avengers 1
Information-silkReal NameMonica Rambeau
Information-silkCurrent AliasSpectrum
Information-silkAliasesPulsar, Captain Marvel, Lady-of-Light, Daystar[1], Photon, Sceptre, Monica Marvel, impersonated Gideon Mace, Blue Streak
Information-silkRelativesFrank Rambeau (father), Maria Rambeau (mother)
Information-silkAffiliationMighty Avengers; formerly Nextwave, New Orleans Harbor Patrol, Avengers, Queen's Vengeance, Secret Avengers (Civil War)
Information-silkBase Of OperationsGem Theater, Manhattan, New York City, New York; formerly Avengers Mansion, Manhattan, New York City, New York; New Orleans, Louisiana
Information-silkIdentitySecret Identity
Information-silkMarital StatusSingle
Information-silkOccupationAdventurer, charter fishing operator; former shipping company executive, cargo ship captain, harbor patrol officer (lieutenant)
Information-silkEducationCollege and Police Academy graduate
Information-silkHeight5' 10"
Information-silkWeight130 lbs (59 kg)
Information-silkOriginOn a mission looking for a dictator, Monica was exposed to an energy disruptor device. This gave her the ability to transform her body into electromagnetic energy.
Information-silkPlace of BirthNew Orleans, Louisiana
Information-silkCreatorsRoger Stern, John Romita Jr.
First Appearance

(as Captain Marvel)

(as Photon)

(as Pulsar)

(as Spectrum)
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Quote1 You just saved my life, Dr. Brashear. It's Monica. Or Spectrum. If you're nasty. Quote2
-- Spectrum src 

Monica Rambeau was a lieutenant in the New Orleans Harbor Patrol. Fate came upon her one day, when she gained super powers after being bombarded by extradimensional energy, produced by an energy disruptor weapon created by a criminal scientist.[1]

Photon 002


She was originally given the name of Captain Marvel by the media. After her initial appearance, Rambeau began experimenting with her powers. Early in her career, she met Spider-Man, who was kind enough to introduce her to the Avengers for additional training. As Captain Marvel, she joined and served in the Avengers. Her membership was a lengthy stint, during which she eventually became the team's leader. Because of injuries, she was forced to leave the active roster. Being off the active roster, she became one of the team's more reliable reservists. Subsequently, she found herself assuming leadership, on two occasions.

Monica was known as Captain Marvel for most of her Avengers career; however, she agreed to change her alias to Photon, conceding the Captain Marvel title to Genis-Vell, the son of the original Captain Marvel, out of respect for her predecessor. [2]

Monica Rambeau was recruited by the Black Panther to fend off a vampire outbreak in post-Katrina New Orleans, as part of an all-black team-up comprising Luke Cage, Blade, Black Panther and Brother Voodoo.[3]

Monica was angered upon learning that Genis-Vell has changed his name to Photon upon acquiring new powers. After a talk with him, she contemplated using the new alias of Pulsar.[4]

The Highest Anti-Terrorism Effort, or H.A.T.E. (a subsidiary of the Beyond Corporation©) formed a team called Nextwave to fight the Unusual Weapons of Mass Destruction.

Tumblr le7wobB3qF1qcfhrxo1 500

Monica as leader of Nextwave.

Members included Rambeau, a man known only as "the Captain", Boom-Boom, Aaron Stack, and Elsa Bloodstone. Monica annoyed all of her teammates by constantly bringing up her past experience leading the Avengers (which Aaron mocked by having his LMD of Monica repeat it in a weeping voice), and she had developed a penchant for shouting the names of her energy attacks.[5]

Mighty Avengers

Monica briefly fought the man known as Bluestreak in a new costume. An onlooking cop said to him, "Geez, where you been, Losing Streak? Don'cha read the magazines? She's called Spectrum now." She then returned to the shop where it was made, and helped Spider Hero suit up for the battle. She arrived in New York City to fight Proxima Midnight. [6] She was hit by Proxima's spear and incapacitated[7] but she was returned to normal by Blue Marvel. She tried to mimic Shuma-Gorath's shield in her light form to buy time, and caused him to explode by manipulating his brain electricity. She was among the people declared Avengers by Luke Cage. [8]

Powers and AbilitiesEdit


Spectrum was considered to be an Alpha Level Threat by Captain America (Sam Wilson) and Tony Stark.[9]

Energy Form: Due to bombardment by extra-dimensional energies, Monica can transform herself into any form of energy within the electromagnetic spectrum. Among the many energy forms she has assumed and is able to control are cosmic rays, gamma rays, X-rays, ultraviolet radiation, visible light, electricity, infrared radiation, microwaves, radio waves and neutrinos. She apparently accomplished this transformation by mentally shunting the matter of her body into the dimension from which she draws her energy, and replacing it with a corresponding amount of energy. Her mind remains in the dimension to control the energy-parcel that has taken the place of her body. By assuming an energy-form, she gains all of that energy's properties. Monica is apparently unlimited by the amount of time that she can remain in her energy-form. She can seemingly only transform herself into one wavelength of energy at a time, but she can transform between one energy-state and another in a fraction of a second. As noted above, the limit to the amount of energy she can transmit through her body at a given time is not known. Extensive energy transformation and manipulation can be physically taxing once she returns to her physical form.

Flight: she is capable of flight in any of her wavelengths.

Superhuman Speed: Monica is cable of moving and reacting at superhuman speeds ranging from the speed of sound to lightspeed.

Intangibility She can phase through solid matter and certain energy fields depending on its wavelength.

Invisibility: She is often invisible in most of her forms but can make herself appear visible.

Energy Duplication: When she encounters a new or unfamiliar energy, Monica can often duplicate it given enough time for analysis.

Energy Absorption: She is capable of absorbing energy given her own energy form is at the right wavelength.

Energy Blasts: She mentally controls both type and quantity of energy she wishes to transmit. It is not known the maximum amount of energy she can transmit at a given time. Monica can also divert small amounts of various energies for employment as force beams, which have the equivalent to 300 tons of TNT of explosive force.

Appearance Alteration: Monica can use her powers to modulate her energy and modify her appearance, and take the form of other people. However, when she does so, she doesn't actually change her physical shape.[10]

Eidetic Memory: Ever since she acquired her powers, Monica's photographic memory improved, allowing her to have totall recall of everything she sees.[10]

Power Grids
Official Ratings[11]
Energy Projection
Fighting Skills
Fan Ratings
Energy Projection
Fighting Skills


Skilled Leader: Monica has strong leadership skills and law enforcement experience.
Expert Combatant: She is an excellent marksman and unarmed combatant due to her law enforcement training.
Skilled Detective

Strong Swimmer

Strength level

Normal human female with moderate regular exercise.



Avengers Quinjet. Various harbor patrol vehicles.


  • Her most recent entry in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe listed her under the name Pulsar. It is unclear if she ever used the code-name in the field - she has operated under her real name, and now currently uses the name "Spectrum."


  • Monica has changed her codename twice because of Genis-Vell. He first objected to her using the name Captain Marvel, originally used by his deceased father, so she became Photon. Recently, he began using the name Photon, and Monica became Pulsar.
  • A flashback in Nextwave revealed that she blasted a dog when she was a child, contradicting Monica's established backstory of only receiving her powers as an adult. It has yet to be explicitly confirmed whether this was intended as a new twist to Monica's history, suggesting perhaps that her powers were subsequently suppressed and only reawoken by the energy disruptor, or whether this scene should be considered a hypothetical, illustrative or imagined event. (Considering that none of Nextwave was initially intended as canonical by the writer, the latter seems more likely.)

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