- We're mutants. Born different from baseline humanity, with an enhanced genome that gives us super-powers. You piss us off at your peril.
- -- Shadowcat
Please find here the full article on the Mutant History.
Human mutants (or Homo sapiens superior) were created by a star-faring race of humanoid aliens called the "Celestials". Approximately one million years ago, these beings came to Earth and performed various genetic tests and experiments on Earth's highest lifeforms, the nascent human being. To test the versatility of human genes they implanted strands of a dormant DNA complex which would one day permit uncanny mutations of the enormous scope in humanity. The abilities granted by the presence of this X-Gene can be minuscule to god-like, as evidenced by the great variety of powers exhibited by the many well known mutants of Earth. For example, many of the X-Men, and former members of the Brotherhood of Mutants are quite powerful, while others possess seemingly trivial abilities.
The first recorded human mutant on Earth was Selene, known to have been active during the Hyborean Age (roughly 14,000 BC to 10,000 BC). En Sabah Nur followed millennia later, born in 30th Century BC Egypt and Garbha-Hsien in the Ho-Lo Shan Mountains of Northern Mongolia, China later still. During the time in which Apocalypse went into hibernation, only a handful of mutants emerged, including Nicodemus, Victor Creed, Raven Darkholme, James Howlett, and Jonas Graymalkin. There was an exponential increase in the mutant population during the 20th century. A popular explanation for this marked growth is the proliferation of nuclear technologies in the modern era. However, earlier forms of mutants, not from Homo sapiens appeared, as Devil Dinosaur and Moon Boy.
Prior to M-Day, it was estimated that from one in 25,000 to one in 10,000 persons were mutants (numbers depend on the area; mutants tend to congregate in cities). An estimated 20,000 mutants lived in the United States, and 250,000 to 500,000 worldwide (some estimates place the number at twice that).
Mutants grew sharply in number during recent years, but on M-Day the Scarlet Witch used her magics to depower approximately 91.4% of the world's mutant population, leaving most without any trace of an X-Gene. At this time, there were around 300 individuals who were recognized as mutants, with 198+1 registered by the US government. Many mutants were later revealed to be powered, having hidden their mutant powers or/and their presence to the world.
The Decimation was supposed to have affected each DNA's mutant, even separated from his source: Mutant Growth Hormone (MGH) provided by lot of mutants was revealed to be inert, as their origin mutants were depowered. On the other side, Whirlwind's MGH was still active while himself kept his powers. More recently, a clone of the Blob was produce, while his clonal source was still depowered.
The Terrigen Mist was used to mimic or reactivate X-Gene granted abilities in several former mutants, but the effects were dangerous and temporary.
Almost all mutants from alternate realities residing in the Earth-616 reality retained their powers (i.e. Bishop, Dark Beast, Rachel Grey, Sugar-Man, etc.), but this is apparently just a coincidence, since Jon Spectre lost his powers. There also appears to be some confusion about M-Day's effects on the Multiverse:
- According to Forge there were no more mutants in the entire Multiverse. Using a combination of Cerebra's and Nimrod's technologies, he showed to Beast that Age of Apocalypse's, Nimrod's and Bishop's timelines were shut down or empty of mutants. Only two futures with active mutants were discovered later: Earth-1191 (which was earlier "shut down") and Earth-6124. However, Forge was obviously incorrect, as numerous alternate universes with powered mutants have been discovered since, especially by the Exiles.
There is no records of non-Homo sapiens superior mutants being depowered, such as Ariel or Ultra-Girl, and neither of Earth-TRN113's mutants, showing the Decimation seems to have affected only the humans mutants carriers of the X-Gene on the 23rd chromosome. Ill mutants from radiation, and not those taking their mutantcy from an X-Gene and granted with powers, do not seem to have been affected by the spell, as for Kaga, born from a mother suffering from radiation sickness after the bombing of Hiroshima.
Also, as there has not been any proof of mutant depowering though space (The mutant Skrulls of the Cadre K were confirmed powered before the Secret Invasion) and as Anthony Stark (Earth-TRN193) stated that he and his men were unaffected by the No More Humans spells of his world's Scarlet Witch because they were in outer-space at the time of the House of M, it is possible that the spell only affected Earth (through the Multiverse however). But on the other hand, Doctor Strange showed to Beast that the Scarlet magic had affected left a print in the whole reality.
There was only handful of mutants born or activated between M-Day and dispersion of the Phoenix.
The Phoenix Force came to Earth in order to claim Hope Summers as its host and to restore mutantkind. A conflict erupted between the X-Men who believed that the Phoenix was coming to save mutantkind and the Avengers who believed that the Phoenix was coming to destroy the Earth. After much conflict, the X-Men were proven right. Hope Summers and the Scarlet Witch used the Phoenix to reverse the M-Day effect and new mutants began to emerge across the globe.
After the dispersion of the Phoenix and the activation of new mutants, several mutants powers began to be adversely effected. Beast, Colossus, Cyclops, Magneto, and Emma Frost have all experienced some level of power instability, while Magik's powers were actually enhanced.
No former mutants have yet to regain their powers lost on M-Day after the dispersion of the Phoenix.
At the time of the Decimation, there were around 300 individuals who were recognized as mutants, with 198+1 registered by the US government. Many mutants were later revealed to be powered, having hidden their mutant powers or/and their presence to the world.
Here is a list of known, living, powered mutants, List of Living Mutants.
Powers and Abilities
Variable. Most do speak fluent English.
Average Strength level
The mutants possess the X-Gene, mutant gene or X-Factor, positioned on the 23rd chromosome, or sexual chromosome. This gene leads (via transcription and translation) to an exotic protein. This protein produces chemical signals inducing mutations on other genes, ending up with mutant organisms, variously empowered.
For most of the mutants (except for the mutants expressing their mutation at birth, or Changelings), the mutation occurs for most of the people during puberty or under stress, so it could be speculated that the expression of the X-Gene is stimulated by stress ( adrenaline, cortisol, etc) or sexual hormones (testosterone and estrogen).
Secondary Mutation is a phenomenon in which an existing mutant gains additional powers, or a change in appearance.
The mutant breeding include notable implications, regarding to the transmission of the mutant genome, or to the hybridization with others species from human or alien species.
Alternate Reality Versions
Across the Multiverse, many incarnations of the mutants existed. The most recorded ones are similar or presumably similar to the Earth-616 : Homo sapiens evolving into Homo sapiens superior (commonly called Homo superior ), by the adding of a X-Gene in their genome from different sources. On others time-line, they are known as Homo mutandis (The Changed Man) on Earth-889, or Mutantur (The Changing Ones) (also called Witchbreed) on Earth-311. On Earth-2301, mutants are called Homo superior, and the telepaths Homo sapiens supreme
Though in most of the universes, the X-Gene was presumably set by the Celestials, in the Ultimate Universe, the X-Gene is a creation of the US government weapons project in Canadian facilities. This reality's Wolverine was the first of those mutants, and was called the Mutant 0. This mutation is close to a virus, infecting the population slowly and turning them in mutants.
Others mutants, from Earth-TRN113, differed from mutants on Earth-616 in that their X-Genes are not on the 23rd chromosome, but instead on chromosome 13. Those mutants weren't affected by the M-Day and were invisible to Cerebra's detection, as it was only capable of locate a protein produced on a X-Gene on the chromosome 23. It was stated that it was possible that the chromosome 13th carrying the X-Gene had been genetically created for the scouts to stay hidden from devices such as Cerebra, but this statement was considered less possible as the alternate reality origin of those mutants was confirmed.
In realities where others species rather than Homo sapiens ascend as the dominant species, mutants still exist, as most of them multiversal counterparts to their humans alternates.
The mutants can be divided into multiple categories, regarding to their origins, genetic status, powers, etc.
Habitat: Earth, primarily Jean Grey School for Higher Learning, but also New York City and other locales. Formerly concentrations in Utopia; San Francisco Bay, California; Genosha; Neverland, Canada; Mutant Town, New York
Gravity: 9.80665 m / s2
Atmosphere: Roughly 78.09% Nitrogen, 20.95% Oxygen, 0.93% Argon, 0.038% Carbon Dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.
Population: Less than 200 (before the Avengers vs. X-Men)
Type of Government: Individuals and group among human societies. Independent groups have oligarchic-bases governments.
Level of Technology: Technology level unknown.
Cultural Traits: Cultural traits unknown.
- Cyclops (Scott Summers) - Leader of the Mutant Revolution, former leader of the mutant nation on the Utopia
- Wolverine (Logan) - Headmaster of the Jean Grey School for Higher Learning
- There is a clear distinction between mutants and mutated human.
- Mutants are a species evolved from Homo Sapiens Sapiens and known as Homo Sapiens Superiors. They are distinguished by the presences of an X-Gene.
- Characters who gained their superhuman powers from other sources such as radioactive spiders, Gamma Radiation, Cosmic Rays, Magic, Super Soldiers Serums, etc. are NOT mutants. They are mutated humans.
- The term mutant is often confused to intend or designate mutate, both by characters and by authors.
- In the same way, they are sometimes confused with the Inhumans (an other humanity off-shot) or with the Warpies, children and babies mutated by unstable extra-dimensional energies. Those two kind develop random powers and appearances, as the mutants.
- No trivia.
Links and References
- List of Homo superior
- Homo sapiens (Humans)
- Homo mermanus (Atlanteans)
- Homo inhumanus (Inhumans)
- Homo aeternus (Eternals)
- Homo deviare (Deviants)
- Proposition X
- Registration Acts
- ↑ New X-Men Vol 2 #20
- ↑ New X-Men Vol 2 #21
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Avengers: The Initiative #5
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #490
- ↑ X-Factor Vol 3 #23
- ↑ Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #35
- ↑ Skrulls! #1
- ↑ X-Factor #231
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #491
- ↑ Avengers vs. X-Men #1
- ↑ Avengers vs. X-Men #12
- ↑ All-New X-Men #1
- ↑ Cable and X-Force #2
- ↑ All-New X-Men #3
- ↑ X-Men: Second Coming #1
- ↑ Avengers vs. X-Men #12
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #27
- ↑ New Mutants Vol 3 #18, or well, most of the X-Men rescue stories
- ↑ Astonishing X-Men: Ghost Boxes #1
- ↑ Marvel 1602 #1
- ↑ Ultimate Origins #1
- ↑ X-Treme X-Men Vol 2 #