- We're mutants. Born different from baseline humanity, with an enhanced genome that gives us super-powers. You piss us off at your peril.
- -- Shadowcat
Human mutants (or Homo Sapiens Superior) were created by a star-faring race of humanoid aliens called the "Celestials". Approximately one million years ago, these beings came to Earth and performed genetic tests and experiments on Earth's highest lifeforms, the nascent human being. To test the versatility of human genes they implanted strands of a dormant DNA complex which would one day permit uncanny mutations of the enormous scope in humanity. The abilities granted by the presence of this X-Gene can be minuscule to god-like, as evidenced by the great variety of powers exhibited by the many well known mutants of Earth. For example, many of the X-Men, and former members of the Brotherhood of Mutants are quite powerful, while others possess seemingly trivial abilities.
The first recorded human mutant on Earth was Selene, known to have been active during the Hyborean Age (roughly 14,000 BC to 10,000 BC). En Sabah Nur followed millennia later, born in 30th Century BC Egypt and Garbha-Hsien in the Ho-Lo Shan Mountains of Northern Mongolia, China later still. During the time in which Apocalypse went into hibernation, only a handful of mutants emerged, including Nicodemus, Victor Creed, Raven Darkholme, James Howlett, and Jonas Graymalkin. There was an exponential increase in the mutant population during the 20th century. A popular explanation for this marked growth is the proliferation of nuclear technologies in the modern era. However, earlier forms of mutants, not from Homo sapiens appeared, as Devil Dinosaur and Moon Boy.
Prior to M-Day, it was estimated that from one in 25,000 to one in 10,000 persons were mutants (numbers depend on the area; mutants tend to congregate in cities). An estimated 20,000 mutants lived in the United States, and 250,000 to 500,000 worldwide (some estimates place the number at twice that).
Secondary Mutation is a phenomenon in which an existing mutant gains additional powers, or a change in appearance. The first known subject is Polaris. Beast is actually the second and it is he who named the phenomenon.
Secondary mutation is noted as the appearance of new powers, or an increase in existing powers.
The Secondary Mutation, like the release of the Extinction Gene, has been induced by the critical point reached by the world mutant population in 2001. Since the M-Day, there are no new Secondary Mutation subjects.
List of Secondary Mutation subjects
Mutants grew sharply in number during recent years, but on M-Day the Scarlet Witch used her magics to depower approximately 91.4% of the world's mutant population, leaving most without any trace of an X-Gene. Now there are less than 200 individuals who are recognized as mutants. The Terrigen Mist was used to mimic or reactivate X-Gene granted abilities in several former mutants, but the effects were dangerous and temporary.
Almost all mutants from alternate realities residing in the Earth-616 reality retained their powers (i.e. Bishop, Dark Beast, Rachel Grey, Sugar-Man, etc.), but this is apparently just a coincidence, since Jon Spectre lost his powers. There also appears to be some confusion about M-Day's effects on the Multiverse.
According to Forge there were no more mutants in the entire Multiverse. Using a combination of Cerebra's and Nimrod's technologies, he showed to Beast that Age of Apocalypse's, Nimrod's and Bishop's timelines were shut down or empty of mutants. Only two futures with active mutants were discovered later: Earth-1191 (which was earlier "shut down") and Earth-6124. However, Forge was obviously incorrect, as numerous alternate universes with powered mutants have been discovered.
There is no records of non-Homo sapiens superior mutants being depowered, such as Ariel or Ultra-Girl, and neither of Earth-TRN113's mutants, showing the Decimation seems to have affected only the humans mutants carriers of the X-Gene on the 23rd chromosome.
Also, as there isn't been any proof of mutant depowering though space (the mutant Skrulls of the Cadre K were confirmed powered before the Secret Invasion) and as Anthony Stark (Earth-TRN193) stated that he and his men were unaffected by the No More Humans spells of his world's Scarlet Witch because they were in outer-space at the time of the House of M, it is possible that the spell only affected Earth (through the Multiverse however). But on the other hand, Doctor Strange showed to Beast that the Scarlet magic had affected left a print in the whole reality.
There was only handful of mutants born or activated between M-Day and dispersion of the Phoenix.
The Phoenix Force came to Earth in order to claim Hope Summers as its host and to restore mutantkind. A conflict erupted between the X-Men who believed that the Phoenix was coming to save mutantkind and the Avengers who believed that the Phoenix was coming to destroy the Earth. After much conflict the X-Men were proven right. Hope Summers and the Scarlet Witch used the Phoenix to reverse the M-Day effect and new mutants began to emerge all across the globe.
After the dispersion of the Phoenix and the activation of new mutants, several mutants powers began to be adversely effected. Beast, Colossus, Cyclops, Magneto, and Emma Frost have all experienced some level of power instability, while Magik's power were actually enhanced.
No former mutants have yet to have regained their powers lost on M-Day after the dispersion of the Phoenix.
Here is a list of known, living, powered mutants, List of Living Mutants.
Powers and Abilities
Variable. Most do speak fluent English.
Average Strength level
Alternate Reality Versions
Across the Multiverse, many incarnations of the mutants existed. The most recorded ones are similar or presumably similar to the Earth-616 : Homo sapiens evolving into Homo sapiens superior (commonly called Homo superior ), by the adding of a X-Gene in their genome from different sources. On others time-line, they are known as Homo mutandis (The Changed Man) on Earth-889, or Mutantur (The Changing Ones) (also called Witchbreed) on Earth-311.
In the Ultimate Universe, the X-Gene are a creation of the US government weapons project, in Canadian facilities. This reality's Wolverine was the first of those mutants, and was called the Mutant 0. This mutation is close to a virus, infecting slowly the populations and turning them in mutants.
Others mutants, from Earth-TRN113, differed from mutants on Earth-616 in that their X-Genes are not on the 23rd chromosome, but instead on chromosome 13. Those mutants weren't affected by the M-Day and were invisible to Cerebra's detection, as it was only capable of locate a protein produce on a X-Gene on the chromosome 23. It was stated it was possible that the chromosome 13th carrying the X-Gene had been genetically created for the scouts to stay hide from device as Cerebra, but this statement was considered less possible as the alternate reality origin of those mutants was confirmed.
Children of members of the Homo Superior race, most often have very similar, exact duplicates, or advanced versions of one or both parents' powers (example: Lady Mastermind, Wallflower, Polaris, Daken, Nightcrawler, Ruby Summers).
Neither of these results are uncommon when crossbreeding between Homo Superior and Homo Sapiens. Familial power similarities are not only passed from parent to child, but can also be common between siblings in first generation mutants families (examples: Frost Family Tree, Xavier Family Tree, Summers and Grey Family Tree). Though less common, powers can also vary widely within first generation mutants (examples: Guthrie Family Tree and Rasputin Family Tree) just as with parental power inheritance.
Homo Superior have been shown to successfully crossbreed with several other genus Homo species (Homo sapiens, Homo inhumanus, Homo mermanus, etc.), gods (Asgardians, Eternals, etc.) and other humanoid aliens (Shi'ar, Dire Wraiths, Mephitisoids, etc.).
However, the union of the mutant Quicksilver and the inhuman Crystal has result in the supposedly cancelling of the genetic markers denoting these subgroups in humanity, leaving their daughter Luna Maximoff a normal human.
Breeding between Homo Superior and Homo Sapiens can results in mutants or flat-scans children, as shown by Wolverine's children: Daken and the Mongrels: On six child, only two (Daken and Cannon Foot) were activate mutants (with feral mutations).
Also, the status of mutate or breeding with alien results oftently in mutant descendance, as for the Fantastic Four's children (|Franklin and Valeria Richards, Torus Storm), or Kara Killgrave, who developed mutants abilities related to her father's.
Transmission of the X-Gene
The localization of the X-Gene alternate from an universe to another. On Earth-616, Storm stated it was carried on the female genome, intending that the mother transmitted the mutation , that intend, in genetics, possibly as a mitochondrial localization of the X-Gene. But Hank McCoy states they were set on the 23rd chromosome, which appears to be the sexual chromosomes, or gonosomes. The X-Gene has to be on the chromosome X so, to be carried by both males and females.
As Wolverine or Magneto have had children mutants, with both of them two different sapiens women, and female children for Magneto, we can suggest that the mutation is based on a X-linked Dominant disease model, but this not fit for male children, who can't receive the chromosome X from their father.
There is so to be more than one factor of transmission, or the X-Gene has to be present on both X and Y chromosomes.
On an alternate earth, Pyro stated from his learning that it was the male who carried the mutants genes and transmitted them to their descendants.  (that intend, in genetics, possibly as a localization of the X-Gene on the sexual chromosome Y)
The many genetic statements on genetic heredity of the X-Gene seems to be incorrect, looking at the diversity of mutants family tree and the distribution of the powers. Also the mutation have shown to be some based on fate, and somehow appears on baseline humans (or "latent mutants").
On Earth-TRN113, the mutants possess X-Genes on the 13th chromosome instead of on the 23rd. Those mutants weren't affected by the M-Day, and have superpowers coming from their mutations.
It was stated that it was possible that the chromosome 13th carrying the X-Gene had been genetically created for the invading scouts of their reality to stay hide from device as Cerebra, but this hypothesis wasn't used since the extradimensional origin of those mutants was confirmed.
Also see the list of 13s Mutants
On several occasions, people have tried to mimic, reproduce mutants abilities, or even create their own mutants from human materials, in creating some way or others X-Genes.
- At some point, the C.I.A. proposed to eighteen death-row prisoners to be the subjects of experimentation for becoming mutants. The Bush Rangers were an half-success, as the thirteen survivors had indeed developed shape-shifting abilities, but the mental control attempt on them failed and they gone rogue. They were all terminated by the media-driven mutant team X-Force.
- All mutants of Earth-1610 and it alternatives futures have been created the US government weapons project, in Canadian facilities. This reality's Wolverine was the very first mutant, the Mutant 0. This mutation is close to a virus, infecting slowly the populations and turning them in mutants.
- After M-Day, Forge created a new kind of mutant to save the mutants race. Using human DNA, cybernetics components and adding extra lots of chromosomes, he created triploid mutants (with three chromosome of each kind instead of two for regular humans and mutants) with an X-Gene on Chromosome 66. He named them the New Mutants. When Forge launch his invasion plan, he and his mutants were seemingly projected into Earth-TRN113 threw a Ghost Box or destroyed by a laser blast. Forge somehow survived but no mention was made about his creations. As well as the 13s (see below), the Triploids mutants were invisible to Cerebra.
According to Damian Tryp, Homo Killcrop is a genetic predecessor to Homo Superior. Also known as Changelings or Replacement People, this category of mutants possess an X-Gene which manifests at birth instead of during adolescence. The evolutionary trait of delaying the onset of mutant powers helped more members of the species survive and proliferate. Changelings are still considered by most to be merely a subset of mutants. Also see the list of Changelings.
The mutants classified Code-X (or Code X) are mutants with their X-Genes having turned them crazy. Both Professor X and Spike Freeman used that psychological classification, and both of them considered that as threats who had to be killed.
Doop (without being a confirmed mutant) and Wolverine were both considered as Code-X by Xavier and Freeman, caused by misinterpretation of "symptoms" induced by the Pink Lady illusions. Their condition was referred as Code-X Fever, and hey were finally cleared off.
Most depowered mutants are a result of M-Day. Some depowered mutants results other interventions such as the Hope Serum, power neutralizing guns, or losing powers due to other mutants. Some of these effects are temporary, but others are permanent. Some depowered mutants still consider themselves cultural mutants despite not having powers. The depowered mutants remain unaffiliated with any group, but some banded together to form groups like the Former Order of Mutants, a new formation of the New Warriors, or the terrorist group X-Cell. Many of them were interviewed by Sally Floyd for her "ex-Mutants diaries". There is some implication that former mutants are more likely to have mutant offspring. Also see the list of Depowered Mutants.
Depowered mutants are generally divided into two categories:
- Pans stands for Pass As Normal. These are former mutants who now appear completely human. Examples include Beak, Lex, Latonya Jefferson and Prodigy.
- Rems is short for remnants. These are former mutants left with some artifact of their former powers such as horns, bone crests, wings or odd tentacles. Examples include Artie Maddicks, Marrow, Ned Ralston and Blob.
A few former mutants were re-powered by various processes. Some were re-powered by Celestials gifts. Polaris, Gazer, Sunfire re-powered by Apocalypse celestial technology while Magneto was re-powered by using the product of the "lobotomization of the Celestial Dreamer" in an experiment with the Master of Evolution.
Several mutants were re-powered by the use of the Terrigen Mists stolen from the Inhumans by Quicksilver. However, these re-powered mutants suffered with their powers enhanced beyond the control of their users. Only two beings maybe retained their powers from the Mists: Quicksilver and his daughter, Luna.
Others sundry processes for re-powering mutants include the Scarlett Witch's reverted Decimation spell to restore Rictor's powers, Chamber's regaining his powers after Legion's Age of X reality alteration, Charles Xavier by approaching the nexus of the realities in M'Kraan Crystal, or Thornn, Feral and Wildchild who were re-powered by Romulus, using an unknown process. And still a few others such as Stacy-X or Tarot (resurrected during Necrosha's events) were re-powered without any explanation.
No former mutants have yet regained their powers lost on M-Day after the dispersion of the Phoenix. Also see the list of Re-powered Mutants
Maximus Lobo claimed he belong to a sub-species of lupine mutants he called the Dominant Species. Additionally, Romulus claimed some human mutants evolved from canines instead of primates. Examples would include Wolfsbane, Feral and Wolf Cub. Also see the list of Lupine Form.
The Genoshan Mutates are mutants transformed by the genoshan government and the Genegineer David Moreau as slaves for different purpose, as energy-creators or guards for example. Also see the list of Genoshan Mutates.
It was stated that one-third of the world's human population still carries the vestigial "insect gene", and Ana Soria is the only known mutant of this subspecies, the Homo Insectus.
Latent Mutants are mutants (or individuals claiming to be mutants) who carry the X-Gene in its inactive form and thus do not manifest any powers, or those powers are emerging and are yet to be stabilized. They can be however detected as mutants. 
The Neo believe themselves to be the next step of human-mutant evolution. The Neo appear to possess X-Genes, but claim to be far more powerful than regular mutants. The Neo separate themselves from the rest of mutants and isolate themselves from society. The Neo were affected by M-Day just like the rest of mutantkind. Not long after the return of the Mutant Messiah, the Neo attacked Utopia and were completely killed by the Evolutionaries. Also see the list of Neo.
The Neyaphem are a subset of demonic-looking mutants. They claim to be some of the oldest and most powerful mutants. Almost all of the Neyaphem are currently dead or de-powered. Also see the list of Neyaphem.
List of living Non-Human Mutants on Earth-616
Complete list of the Non-Human Mutants (including deceased and extra-dimensional ones).'
Some mutants are not the evolution of humans, but other species, earthlings reptilians (Dinosaurs and Hauk'kas), crustaceans or mammals (cats, ape-men), Moloids, humanity's subspecies (Atlanteans, Inhumans), Eternals) or extraterrestrial (Brood, Kree, Skrulls, Coconut Grove, Fomalhauti, Eternals) and also some more complex, as Krakoa, the mutant cloned "great-child" of the original Krakoa the mutated and merged ecosystem; Shatterstar and Longshot the artificial genetically-engineered mutants of the Mojoverse, or Danger the mutant program from the Danger Room.
These individuals are not technically all Homo superior, but they are kind of mutants. For example, Danger is, according to Emma Frost and Armor, a "mutant program", the Mutant Skrulls are designated as "K-Class Deviant Skrulls", Thanos is an Eternal provided with a Deviant gene (also called Deviant Syndrome).
On the other side, the mutant cat encountered by Henry McCoy possessed a X-Gene as she was detected by a Cerebro. Ariel, as well, was designated by the Mini-Cerebro as a mutant, so must have a X-Gene (if the Mini-Cerebro works the same way as the others Cerebro's machine). The Kree mutant Ultra-Girl, was tracked and attacked by a Sentinel who was tracking her, proving that Tsu-Zana's mutancy is quite similar to the human mutants' one. He also temporary classified her as a '"V factor mutant". The Moloid Val-Or was proved by Caliban's X-Factor detection and affirmations that he was a mutant. Those have been detected by X-Factor detections devices as mutants, although being obviously no Homo superior.
Extra-dimensional and temporal travel have shown others non-humans mutants, such The Human Torch of 2099 and an alternate Attuma from Earth-2189, atlantean mutants, or some evil versions of Charles Xavier including an Acanti mutant, a mutant demon and a a giant squid-like mutant. The nature of the Multiverse making virtually everything possible create the possibility of amounts of non-humans mutants such as the few "Xaviers" shown.
As examples, on Earth-1002, the dominant species evolved from canines and not primates, and gathered into the Rex-Dogs by the telepathic chihuahua Professor Rex. List of the mutant canines On Earth-8101, there are evolved apes who run the planet, with mutants in their ranks. List of the mutants evolved from simians
In one 2099 possible future, Xavier even gathered a galactic alliance of mutants, including the humans' and Skrulls' ones from his X-Men and Cadre K, but also Shi'ars and many others unidentified humanoids species.
The effects of the M-Day has not been precised for most of the non-human mutants.
The exact biologic truth about those so-called mutants is for now unknown, such as if they are only random unrelated mutates, or if they formed one or multiple biological unities by themselves, and if it is, what is the cause of their mutations, as the X-Gene for Homo sapiens.
Also see the list of presumed Atlantean Mutants.
Not to be confused with the frequent mutants present into the Atlantean/Human Hybrids population through the Multiverse.
Eternal Mutants: Deviant Syndrome
The only known individual afflicted with the Deviant Syndrome is Thanos of Titan. The origins of Deviant Syndrome is unknown and it is also unknown whether it exists among all Eternals or only those of Titan. An Eternal afflicted with the Deviant Syndrome look less to one of his kind than to a Deviant.
Mutant Skrulls: K-Class Deviants
On the planet Carpiax IV, the local lord, Merrek, set up fecundity-supplement programs who resulted (apparently) in higher percentage of mutants birth.
In a file compiled by Chancellor Kal'du for Veranke, the Cadre K was still rejected by the Skrull Empire during the preparation of the Secret Invasion. According to their informations, including the massive depowering of earth's mutants, they seems to be still powered, not affected by the "No More Mutants" spell. Complete list of the Mutant Skrull
Omega Level Mutants
Mutant power classifications have never been fully explained. However, Omega Level Mutant is a term that is commonly used to refer to a mutant possessing powers without foreseeable limits. Examples include Elixir's biokinesis and Legion's spontaneous mutations. Also see the list of confirmed Omega Level Mutants.
It has been revealed that there is a whole different species of Mutant that are "less evolved" than the certain Mutant. It is unknown how long they been around but the but the test on the DNA show that it's 1700 years old. They are known possess variants of powers.
Some of the mutants from Earth-9047 possess the S-Factor, granting to them, in addition of mutant powers, an amazing raise in the sales of any comic-book starring or guest-starring them (and generating great sales to the X-Persons comics). The villains are concerned as well by this effect, but cannot possess their own series nor gain money from royalties.
Habitat: Earth, primarily Jean Grey School for Higher Learning, but also New York City and other locales. Formerly concentrations in Utopia; San Francisco Bay, California; Genosha; Neverland, Canada; Mutant Town, New York
Gravity: 9.80665 m / s2
Atmosphere: Roughly 78.09% Nitrogen, 20.95% Oxygen, 0.93% Argon, 0.038% Carbon Dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.
Population: Less than 200
Type of Government: Government type unknown.
Level of Technology: Technology level unknown.
Cultural Traits: Cultural traits unknown.
- Cyclops (Scott Summers) - Leader of the Mutant Revolution, former leader of the mutant nation on the Utopia
- Wolverine (Logan) - Headmaster of the Jean Grey School for Higher Learning
- There is a clear distinction between mutants and mutated human.
- Mutants are a species evolved from Homo Sapiens Sapiens and known as Homo Sapiens Superiors. They are distinguished by the presences of an X-Gene.
- Characters who gained their superhuman powers from other sources such as radioactive spiders, Gamma Radiation, Cosmic Rays, Magic, Super Soldiers Serums, etc. are NOT mutants. They are mutated humans.
- The term mutant is often confused to intend or designate mutate, both by characters and by authors.
- In the same way, they are sometimes confused with the Inhumans (an other humanity off-shot) or with the Warpies, children and babies mutated by unstable extra-dimensional energies. Those two kind develop random powers and appearances, as the mutants.
- No trivia.
Links and References
- List of Homo Superiors
- Homo sapiens (Humans)
- Homo mermanus (Atlanteans)
- Homo inhumanus (Inhumans)
- Homo aeternus (Eternals)
- Homo deviare (Deviants)
- Proposition X
- Registration Acts
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #254
- ↑ New X-Men #114
- ↑ New X-Men Vol 2 #20
- ↑ New X-Men Vol 2 #21
- ↑ X-Factor Vol 3 #23
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Skrulls! #1
- ↑ X-Factor #231
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #491
- ↑ Avengers vs. X-Men #1
- ↑ Avengers vs. X-Men #12
- ↑ All-New X-Men #1
- ↑ Cable and X-Force #2
- ↑ All-New X-Men #3
- ↑ Astonishing X-Men: Ghost Boxes #1
- ↑ Marvel 1602 #1
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 Ultimate Origins #1
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #27
- ↑ Black Panther Vol 4 #17
- ↑ X2 (film)
- ↑ X-Force #125- #128
- ↑ Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #25- #30
- ↑ X-Factor Vol 3 #11
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 X-Statix #1
- ↑ 24.0 24.1 Wolverine/Doop #1- #2
- ↑ Nation X #2
- ↑ Generation M #1
- ↑ Generation M #1- #5
- ↑ X-Factor Vol 3 #43- #44
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #509
- ↑ 30.0 30.1 X-Factor Vol 3 #28
- ↑ X-Men Vol 2 #202
- ↑ X-Factor Vol 3 #17- #20
- ↑ X-Factor: The Quick and the Dead #1
- ↑ Avengers: The Children's Crusade #6
- ↑ New Mutants Vol 3 #24
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #417- #420
- ↑ Great Lakes Avengers #4
- ↑ X-Factor #235
- ↑ Fallen Angels #7
- ↑ Uncanny Avengers #4
- ↑ Fallen Angels #6
- ↑ X-Men: Giant-Size #1
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #456
- ↑ Category:Simian Mutants
- ↑ X-Factor Annual #3
- ↑ Mekanix #5
- ↑ X-Men Unlimited #36
- ↑ New Mutants Vol 2 #12
- ↑ New X-Men Vol 2 #1
- ↑ New Mutants Vol 3 #14
- ↑ New Mutants Vol 3 #21
- ↑ X-Men: Legacy #244
- ↑ X-Men: Deadly Genesis #6
- ↑ FF #13
- ↑ X-Men Vol 3 #31